Toshihiko Osawa

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In the present study, we studied the signal transduction mechanism that is involved in the expression of c-Jun protein evident after exposure of rat liver epithelial RL34 cells to the major end product of oxidized fatty acid metabolism, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE). HNE treatment of the cells resulted in depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH) and in the(More)
Acrolein (CH2==CH---CHO) is known as a ubiquitous pollutant in the environment. Here we show that this notorious aldehyde is not just a pollutant, but also a lipid peroxidation product that could be ubiquitously generated in biological systems. Upon incubation with BSA, acrolein was rapidly incorporated into the protein and generated the protein-linked(More)
We have clarified for the first time how cyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside (C3G), which is a potent antioxidant anthocyanin, is absorbed and metabolized in vivo. Rats were orally administered C3G (0.9 mmol/kg body weight), and C3G rapidly appeared in the plasma. However, the aglycon of C3G (cyanidin; Cy) was not detected, although it was present in the jejunum.(More)
The DNA base-modified product 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is one of the most commonly used markers for the evaluation of oxidative DNA damage. A monoclonal antibody specific for 8-OHdG (N45.1) was characterized and applied in quantitative immunohistochemistry. N45.1 recognized both the modified base and deoxyribose structure of 8-OHdG and required(More)
Lipoprotein peroxidation, especially the modification of apolipoprotein B-100, has been implicated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, there have been few detailed insights into the chemical mechanism of derivatization of apolipoproteins during oxidation. In the present study, we provide evidence that the formation of(More)
Prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)), a major cyclooxygenase product in a variety of tissues, readily undergoes dehydration to yield the cyclopentenone-type PGs of the J(2) series, such as 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-PGJ(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), which have been suggested to exert anti-inflammatory effects in vivo. Meanwhile, the mechanism of these effects is not well understood(More)
Oxidative stress is associated with important pathophysiological events in a variety of diseases. It has been postulated that free radicals and lipid peroxidation products generated during the process may be responsible for these effects because of their ability to damage cellular components such as membranes, proteins, and DNA. In the present study, we(More)
In Parkinson's disease, characteristic pathological features are the cell death of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons and the formation of Lewy bodies composed of oxidized proteins. Mitochondrial dysfunction and aggregation of abnormal proteins have been proposed to cause the pathological changes. However, the relation between these two factors remains to be(More)
Protective effects of curcumin (U1), one of the major yellow pigments in turmeric and its derivative, tetrahydrocurcumin (THU1), against ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA)-induced oxidative renal damage were studied in male ddY mice. Single Fe-NTA treatment (5 mg Fe/kg body intraperitoneally) transiently causes oxidative stress, as shown by the accumulation(More)
We examined the inhibitory effects of curcumin and tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), one of the major metabolites of curcumin, on the lipid peroxidation of erythrocyte membrane ghosts induced by tertbutylhydroperoxide. The results demonstrated that THC showed a greater inhibitory effect than curcumin. To investigate the mechanism of antioxidative activity, we(More)