Toshihiko Maruta

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OBJECTIVE To examine explanatory style (how people explain life events) as a risk factor for early death, using scores from the Optimism-Pessimism scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS A total of 839 patients completed the MMPI between 1962 and 1965 as self-referred general medical patients. Thirty years(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between explanatory style, using scores from the Optimism-Pessimism (PSM) scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), and self-reported health status, using scores from the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 447 patients who completed the MMPI between 1962 and(More)
To ascertain whether chronic-pain patients who are likely to benefit from a pain-management program can be identified before treatment, we studied for differences discernible at the beginning of treatment a group who succeeded and did well at 1-year follow-up (n = 34) and a group who failed (n = 35). The two groups differed significantly (P less than 0.01)(More)
Fifty married patients who were referred to a pain-management program and their spouses were interviewed independently concerning marital-sexual adjustment. The effect of pain on frequency and quality of sexual activity, and the effect of sexual activity on pain, showed a consistent trend toward deterioration in sexual activity after the onset of pain(More)
Of 144 patients with chronic pain of nonmalignant cause, 35 (24%) were drug-dependent, 59 (41%) drug abusers, and 50 (35%) nonabusers. Codeine and oxycodone (Percodan) were most frequently abused. In regard to characteristics tested, differences between the groups were not great; but there was a significant difference in outcome between nonabuse and(More)
Three prospective studies from the early 1980s found that high scores on the Hostility (Ho) Scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) were associated with an increased incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and mortality from CHD and other causes. In the current study, the association between the Ho score and subsequent health(More)
Factitious or self-induced illness has rarely been mentioned in gynecologic literature. Described herein are 4 nonpregnant women, 3 of whom had vaginal bleeding of unknown origin and 1 who had recurrent fevers and an acute abdomen. In gynecologic practice, factitious illness should be suspected whenever a patient presents with a protracted illness that has(More)
To explore the hypothesis that depressed patients with low pretreatment levels of urinary 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) respond more favorably to antidepressant drugs which act on noradrenergic neuronal systems than do patients with high MHPG levels, the authors administered 150--200 mg/day of imipramine or maprotiline to 13 depressed patients. All(More)
Pretreatment urinary MHPG levels were examined in 28 depressed patients as a possible predictor of response to treatment with maprotiline, a tetracyclic antidepressant that exerts potent effects on norepinephrine uptake, but has little effect on serotonin uptake. Maprotiline was administered in doses up to 150 mg/day during the first 2 weeks after which(More)