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Three prospective studies from the early 1980s found that high scores on the Hostility (Ho) Scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) were associated with an increased incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and mortality from CHD and other causes. In the current study, the association between the Ho score and subsequent health(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine explanatory style (how people explain life events) as a risk factor for early death, using scores from the Optimism-Pessimism scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS A total of 839 patients completed the MMPI between 1962 and 1965 as self-referred general medical patients. Thirty years(More)
Of 144 patients with chronic pain of nonmalignant cause, 35 (24%) were drug-dependent, 59 (41%) drug abusers, and 50 (35%) nonabusers. Codeine and oxycodone (Percodan) were most frequently abused. In regard to characteristics tested, differences between the groups were not great; but there was a significant difference in outcome between nonabuse and(More)
The authors measured urinary free cortisol and urinary 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) levels in 24 severely depressed patients and 22 normal control subjects. Urinary free cortisol levels were significantly higher in the depressed patients than in the control subjects, but mean urinary MHPG levels were not significantly different in these two(More)
Fifty adult patients with chronic pain and substance dependence were admitted to an inpatient unit for treatment of addiction without primary emphasis on treatment of pain. As a group they had received considerable medical attention for their pain, but relatively little for their addictions. When compared with a group of general medical patients, the study(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between explanatory style, using scores from the Optimism-Pessimism (PSM) scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), and self-reported health status, using scores from the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 447 patients who completed the MMPI between 1962 and(More)
Fifty married patients who were referred to a pain-management program and their spouses were interviewed independently concerning marital-sexual adjustment. The effect of pain on frequency and quality of sexual activity, and the effect of sexual activity on pain, showed a consistent trend toward deterioration in sexual activity after the onset of pain(More)
Fifty patients with chronic pain and substance dependence were admitted to the hospital for treatment of substance dependence. Sixteen patients left treatment prematurely and were noted to have been less flexible in seeking treatment options for relief of pain. Most patients experienced an improved sense of well-being with abstinence, but this was not(More)
The abuse of prescription drugs is an insidious complication among patients with chronic pain. This study examines cognitive intellectual functions in patients with chronic pain who are using prescribed analgesics, sedatives and hypnotics. A comprehensive battery of psychologic tests measuring intelligence, learning, memory, sensory-perceptual integrity,(More)