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During animal development, cells become progressively more restricted in the cell types to which they can give rise. In the central nervous system (CNS), for example, multipotential stem cells produce various kinds of specified precursors that divide a limited number of times before they terminally differentiate into either neurons or glial cells. We show(More)
An intracellular timer in oligodendrocyte precursor cells is thought to help control the timing of their differentiation. We show here that the expression of the Hes5 and Mash1 genes, which encode neural-specific bHLH proteins, decrease and increase, respectively, in these cells with a time course expected if the proteins are part of the timer. We show that(More)
During animal development many cells permanently stop dividing and terminally differentiate. For the most part, the mechanisms that control when the cells exit the cell cycle and differentiate are not known. We have been studying the mechanisms in the oligodendrocyte cell lineage. Studies of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) in culture suggest that(More)
Action mechanism of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to regulate motility, an important process of astrogliosis, was investigated in rat astrocytes. While LPA exerted no significant effect on the cell migration, the prior treatment of the cells with LPS or IL-1β resulted in the appearance of migration(More)
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