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To examine the role of the Pro12Ala variant of the human PPARgamma2 gene on adiposity and insulin resistance, we studied the effect of the variant on fat distribution assessed by CT scan, plasma glucose, and insulin levels during a 75g oral glucose load in 215 non-diabetic Japanese men. The allele frequency of the variant was 0. 03 in this population. There(More)
The Trp64Arg mutation of the β3-adrenergic receptor (β3AR) is prevalent in several ethnic groups and is associated with weight gain, and some features of syndrome X such as insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. Nevertheless, it is not known at present whether this mutation is associated with visceral obesity, which is an important risk factor for the(More)
The object of this study is to assess whether aneurysm surgery can be performed in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms by using three-dimensional computerized tomography angiography (3D-CTA) alone, without conventional catheter angiography (CCA). Between May 1994 and November 1996, a consecutive series of 60 cases of ruptured cerebral aneurysms was(More)
A new type of biomaterial for artificial skin was developed as a form of sponge by combining fibrillar collagen (F-collagen) with gelatin. The sponge was physically and metabolically stabilized by introducing dehydrothermal cross links. To get the final product, various conditions in the preparation of sponges were evaluated by in vitro cellular responses(More)
In plastic surgery, extensive wounds with exposed bone and loss of the periosteum (i.e., deep dermo-periosteal defects) are difficult to treat, even with split-thickness skin grafts, because such grafts rarely survive. Even when these grafts do survive, functional impairment often occurs subsequently. The application of a collagen sponge (Terudermis,(More)
This study is aimed at a role of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection in reflux esophagitis of the elderly. 46 patients with reflux esophagitis aged at older than 60 years are selected for this study with informed consent. 43 patients without reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer are used as a control group. In reflux esophagitis, gastric(More)
Although 3D-CT angiography provides valuable anatomic information regarding lesion and their surrounding vessels and bony structures, it cannot demonstrate lesions, arteries, and veins, separately. The separate demonstration of arterial-phase 3D-CT angiography (3D-CT arteriography) and venous-phase 3D-CT angiography (3D-CT venography) will facilitate the(More)
The Trp64Arg beta3-adrenergic receptor (AR) variant is associated with visceral obesity probably due to decreased lipolysis in visceral fat (H. Kim-Motoyama et al., Diabetologia 40, 469-472, 1997). Functional alteration of beta2AR may also change fat distribution. We investigated the influence of the Gln27Glu beta2AR variant upon obesity and fat(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 3D-CT angiography (3D-CTA), a vessel-cast technique, is useful in the diagnosis of patients with brain lesions and cerebrovascular disease. However, it provides no information on blood-flow dynamics. Therefore, we developed a new technique, dynamic 3D-CTA (d3D-CTA), that yields 3D images of the vasculature and allows assessment of the(More)
To examine the relationship between leptin levels and visceral obesity or plasma insulin levels, we studied serum leptin levels, fat distribution assessed by CT scan, and plasma insulin levels during 75 g oral glucose load in 100 Japanese men. Regression analysis adjusted by age and body mass index (BMI) showed leptin levels to be associated with visceral(More)