Toshihide Tamura

Learn More
A synthetic lipid A of Helicobacter pylori strain 206-1 (compound HP206-1), which is similar to its natural lipid A, exhibited no or very low endotoxic activities as compared to Escherichia coli-type synthetic lipid A (compound 506). Furthermore, compound HP206-1 as well as its natural lipid A demonstrated no or very low mitogenic responses in murine spleen(More)
Although both bacillary and coccoid forms of Helicobacter pylori reside in human stomach, the pathophysiological significance of the two forms remains obscure. The present work describes the effect of oxygen tension on the transformation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism of this pathogen. Most H. pylori cultured under an optimum O2 concentration(More)
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a cell surface glycoconjugate of gram-positive bacteria and is reported to activate the innate immune system. We previously reported that purified LTA obtained from Enterococcus hirae has no immunostimulating activity, but a subfraction (Eh-AF) in an LTA fraction possesses activity. In this study, we established a mouse monoclonal(More)
Open reading frame (ORF) 50 of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) is one of the immediate-early gene and a homologue of BRLF1 gene of Epstein-Barr virus. It encodes a key switch protein to trigger viral lytic replication from latency. We have established several hybridoma clones producing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Although intestinal obstruction as a result of sigmoid volvulus (SV) may be successfully resolved using endoscopic detorsion, surgical treatment remains the main therapeutic strategy. We evaluated the endoscopic detorsion procedure using unsedated water-immersion colonoscopy for the treatment of SV. METHODS A retrospective chart review(More)
Objective We evaluated the safety and efficacy of vonoprazan-based amoxicillin and clarithromycin 7-day triple therapy (VAC) in comparison to proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based (PAC) as a first-line treatment and vonoprazan-based amoxicillin and metronidazole 7-day triple therapy (VAM) in comparison to PPI-based (PAM) as a second-line treatment for the(More)
The aim of the present work is to elucidate the mechanism by which the respiration of Helicobacter pylori but not of Escherichia coli shows a strong resistance to nitric oxide (NO). Nitric oxide strongly but reversibly inhibited the oxygen consumption by sonicated membranes from H. pylori and Triton X-100-treated cells. Although the sensitivity of the H.(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a life-threatening disease and there is an urgent need to develop improved therapeutic approaches. The role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in PDAC stroma is not well defined even though dense desmoplastic reactions are characteristic of PDAC histology. We aimed to explore the role of JNK in PDAC stroma in mice.(More)
The present report describes a rare case of a tumor composed of early gastric cancer and a duodenal neuroendocrine tumor (NET). A 78-year-old woman underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy at a local institution for screening of the upper gastrointestinal tract which revealed a protruded tumor through the pyloric ring from the pyloric antrum. The tumor was too(More)
A 41-year-old woman became ill with acute hepatitis B after gynecological surgery performed by a surgeon who was hepatitis B surface antigen positive. The surgeon was positive for hepatitis B e antigen, and HBV DNA concentrations in the serum, saliva, and sweat of the surgeon were very high. HBV genotype and partial HBV DNA sequences from the HBV-infected(More)