Toshihide Muramatsu

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Midkine (MK) is a heparin-binding growth factor and is frequently expressed at high levels in many human carcinomas. To investigate further the roles of MK in the regulation of cell growth, we introduced MK expression in NIH3T3 cells. A mixture of transfectants of an MK expression vector, but not a control vector, formed colonies in soft agar, showed an(More)
Midkine (MK) is a growth factor identified as a product of a retinoic acid-responsive gene. A truncated form of MK mRNA, which lacks a sequence encoding the N-terminally located domain, was recently found in cancer cells. We investigated the expression of the truncated MK mRNA in specimens of 47 surgically removed human gastrointestinal organs using(More)
The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) has a clinical promise for treatment of cancer including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To investigate effect of SAHA on hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication, we treated the HCV replicon cell OR6 with SAHA. HCV replication was significantly inhibited by SAHA at concentrations(More)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has emerged as a common cause of chronic liver disease and virus-independent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. To reveal the molecular mechanism underlying hepatocarcinogenesis from NASH, microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles were analyzed in STAM mice, a NASH-HCC(More)
Recent studies have proposed that the major anti-tumor effect of DNA methylation inhibitors is induction of interferon-responsive genes via dsRNAs-containing endogenous retroviruses. Recently, a 3D culture system for stem cells known as organoid culture has been developed. Lgr5-positive stem cells form organoids that closely recapitulate the properties of(More)
Tumor stem cells with self-renewal and multipotent capacity play critical roles in the initiation and progression of cancer. Recently, a new 3-D culture system known as organoid culture has been developed, allowing Lgr5-positive stem cells to form organoids that resemble the properties of original tissues. Here we established organoids derived from(More)
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