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New catalytic ability of copper(II) ion has been exploited for monobenzoylation of 1,2-diols. The catalyst can be readily modified by ligation to acquire higher stereoselectivity. Highly effective kinetic resolution of dl-1,2-diols was achieved. The enantiodiscrimination process was clearly shown to be controlled by the kinetics of acylation of(More)
PURPOSE To examine vitreous succinate levels from proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) patients and ascertain their association with PDR activity. DESIGN Comparative case series. METHODS A total of 81 eyes of 72 PDR patients were divided into active PDR (22 eyes), quiescent PDR (21 eyes), and active PDR with intravitreal bevacizumab injection (38(More)
We describe here a method using HPLC for the simultaneous determination of albiflorin, paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin and six flavanone glycosides (liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, naringin, neohesperidin, hesperidin and narirutin) in the Kampo medicines, Shigyaku-san and Haino-san. All nine components were separated in less than 40 min by linear gradient(More)
The first catalyst that achieves Stille cross-couplings of secondary (as well as primary) alkyl halides has been developed. The method employs easily handled and inexpensive catalyst components (NiCl2 and 2,2'-bipyridine) and, through the use of monoorganotin reagents, avoids the formation of toxic and difficult-to-remove triorganotin side products.
PURPOSE We investigated succinate metabolism in cells undergoing clinically relevant cyclic stretch and in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) retina. METHODS We seeded ARPE-19 cells on 6-well BioFlex collagen I-coated, silicone elastomer-bottomed culture plates. Cells then were subjected to pulsatile stretch using a computer-controlled vacuum stretch(More)
A bioassay-guided fractionation of methanol extract of Aristolochia bracteolata whole plant was carried out in order to evaluate its antimicrobial activity and to identify the active compounds in this extract. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of methanol extract against gram-positive, gram-negative, and fungal strains were investigated by the agar(More)
An asymmetric carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction at the 2-position of a piperidine skeleton was exploited. This method consisted of a reaction between 1-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-3,4-didehydro-2-methoxypiperidines and dimethyl malonate catalyzed by Cu(II)-chiral 2,2'-isopropylidenebis(4-phenyl-2-oxazoline) to afford a 2-substituted piperidine skeleton with(More)
The first catalytic process for protection of hydroxyl groups in sugars has been developed. Highly regioselective protection was accomplished along with high chemical yield. The regioselectivity of the benzoylation was realized as an intrinsic character of sugars based on a stereorelationship among their hydroxyl groups. Furthermore, complete protection of(More)
Quinones are a class of compounds of substantial toxicological and pharmacological interest. An ultrasensitive and highly selective chemiluminescence (CL) method was newly developed for the determination of quinones based on the utility of photochemically initiated luminol CL. The method involved ultraviolet (UV) irradiation of quinones to generate reactive(More)
Iron is an essential limiting factor for primary production in many marine systems. The present study investigated differential regulation of protein expression in marine phytoplankton Prymnesium parvum under low Fe concentration. The phytoplankton was grown in f/2 culture medium in artificial seawater with low (0.0025 μM) and high (0.05 μM) Fe(More)