Toshihide Iwashita

Learn More
To improve our ability to identify hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and their localization in vivo, we compared the gene expression profiles of highly purified HSCs and non-self-renewing multipotent hematopoietic progenitors (MPPs). Cell surface receptors of the SLAM family, including CD150, CD244, and CD48, were differentially expressed among functionally(More)
Stem cells persist throughout life by self-renewing in numerous tissues including the central and peripheral nervous systems. This raises the issue of whether there is a conserved mechanism to effect self-renewing divisions. Deficiency in the polycomb family transcriptional repressor Bmi-1 leads to progressive postnatal growth retardation and neurological(More)
We found neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) in the adult gut. Postnatal gut NCSCs were isolated by flow-cytometry and compared to fetal gut NCSCs. They self-renewed extensively in culture but less than fetal gut NCSCs. Postnatal gut NCSCs made neurons that expressed a variety of neurotransmitters but lost the ability to make certain subtypes of neurons that(More)
Glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) signals through a multicomponent receptor complex consisting of RET receptor tyrosine kinase and a member of GDNF family receptor alpha (GFRalpha). Recently, it was shown that tyrosine 1062 in RET represents a binding site for SHC adaptor proteins and is crucial for both RAS/mitogen activated protein kinase(More)
Loss of Endothelin-3/Endothelin receptor B (EDNRB) signaling leads to aganglionosis of the distal gut (Hirschsprung's disease), but it is unclear whether it is required primarily for neural crest progenitor maintenance or migration. Ednrb-deficient gut neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) were reduced to 40% of wild-type levels by embryonic day 12.5 (E12.5), but(More)
Immunohistochemical analysis with the anti-Ret antibody was performed to investigate the expression of the c-ret proto-oncogene product (c-Ret protein) in embryonic, infant and adult rat tissues. During embryogenesis, the c-Ret expression became detectable by day 11.5 in the developing peripheral and central nervous systems as well as in the excretory(More)
SNT/FRS2 is a lipid anchored docking protein that contains an amino-terminal myristylation signal, followed by a phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domain and a carboxy-terminal region with multiple tyrosine residues. Here we show that the SNT/FRS2 PTB domain binds to RET receptor tyrosine kinase activated by glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) or(More)
Genes associated with Hirschsprung disease, a failure to form enteric ganglia in the hindgut, were highly up-regulated in gut neural crest stem cells relative to whole-fetus RNA. One of these genes, the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) receptor Ret, was necessary for neural crest stem cell migration in the gut. GDNF promoted the migration(More)
The K2K experiment observes indications of neutrino oscillation: a reduction of nu(mu) flux together with a distortion of the energy spectrum. Fifty-six beam neutrino events are observed in Super-Kamiokande (SK), 250 km from the neutrino production point, with an expectation of 80.1(+6.2)(-5.4). Twenty-nine one ring mu-like events are used to reconstruct(More)
We analyzed the intracellular signalling pathway through Ret activated by glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2A and 2B mutations. The results showed that all of them induce a signal transducing complex consisting of Ret, Shc, and Grb2 proteins. In addition, GDNF clearly activated a Ras-MAPK pathway in(More)