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To investigate the neural substrates for naming objects and their category-dependency, we performed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with naming of animals and tools. Naming objects, irrespective of their category, activated left frontal to bilateral parietal regions and occipital to posterior temporal regions. Within these areas, naming animals(More)
A series of C-terminal linear peptides of endothelin (ET)-1 and their N alpha-succinyl (Suc) analogs were synthesized and their binding affinities for the two subtypes of ET receptor, ETA and ETB, in porcine lung membranes were examined. Among the synthetic analogs, Suc-[Glu9,Ala11,15]-ET-1(8-21), IRL 1620, was the most potent and specific ligand for the(More)
A functional magnetic resonance imaging experiment at 3 tesla was performed to investigate the collaborative mechanism between visuospatial processing and motor execution in performing visual language generation tasks. Japanese Kanji, ideographic characters, were utilized to design tasks. The bilateral border portions between the inferior parietal lobule(More)
Prognostic factors for low-grade astrocytomas have been proposed, but optimal treatment remains controversial. Eighty-eight consecutive adult patients with supratentorial low-grade astrocytomas were retrospectively reviewed to determine specific factors influencing outcome. All underwent craniotomy (43 radical resections, 45 nonradical resections). Sex, age(More)
Ultraviolet light (UV)-induced DNA damage can be repaired by DNA photolyase in a light-dependent manner. Two types of photolyase are known, one specific for cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD photolyase) and another specific for pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts[(6-4)photolyase]. In contrast to the CPD photolyase, which has been detected in a wide(More)
We tried to identify the mechanisms directly related to syntactic processing in an fMRI experiment using strictly controlled sets of verbal stimuli. In two conditions, center-embedding and left-branching conditions, the same sets of words were used to construct stimulus sentences, while only the word order reflecting their syntactic structure was different.(More)
The mechanisms involved in visual object recognition from non-canonical viewpoints were investigated using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We used a passive observation task and found three areas activated more strongly in the non-canonical viewing condition compared with the canonical viewing condition. First, it was found that the fusiform(More)
We report on the clinical, pathological, and genetic features of 7 patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) from three Japanese families. The mean age of onset was 9.7+/-3.1 years (mean+/-SD), and loss of ambulance occurred at 38.5+/-2.1 years. Muscle atrophy was predominant in the pelvic and shoulder girdles, and proximal limb muscles.(More)
Passive listening comprehension of native and non-native language was investigated using high resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at a static magnetic field strength of 3 tesla. Wernicke's area was activated by comprehensive and non-comprehensive languages indicating that this area is associated with common phonological processing of(More)
BACKGROUND Regulatory coupling of cell proliferation and apoptosis is suggested by recent findings with regard to certain tumors, such as the finding of tumor resistance to anticancer therapy caused by inhibition of apoptosis. The processes leading to apoptosis appear to be regulated by a variety of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. In the current(More)