Toshiharu Funaki

Learn More
Cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), and Cdk inhibitors (CdkIs) are frequently altered in human cancer. p18INK4C, a member of the INK4 family of CdkIs, is a potential tumor-suppressor gene product. However, the expression of p18INK4C in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of p18INK4C in(More)
Shc protein is known to be related to cell proliferation and carcinogenesis. However, the involvement of Shc in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. In the present study, we report that p46 Shc is probably expressed in the nuclei of hepatocytes and/or cancer cells during the development of HCC in Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats. The expression and(More)
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective modality for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), because it can induce large coagulated necrosis in a few sessions. We have recently reported that the combination therapy of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) with RFA (PEI-RFA) created enhancement of coagulated necrosis compared with RFA alone. In(More)
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) therapy are currently used for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of combination therapy of PEI and RFA (PEI-RFA). Seventy-three patients with biopsy-proven HCC and liver cirrhosis underwent RFA after a bolus(More)
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy is of great significance in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or metastatic liver tumors. RFA is able to achieve widely coagulated necrosis in a few sessions without major complications. However, HCC cases exist that are resistant to RFA therapy for several reasons. In the present study, we performed(More)
A serum from a patient with HBV hepatitis was found to contain autoantibodies reacting with various mammalian cells. Immunofluorescence staining of cultured cells with the autoantibodies revealed that the antigen was localized at perinuclear regions, where the Golgi markers alpha-mannosidase II and beta-COP were colocalized. The autoantigen disappeared from(More)
The pathogenic mechanism for hepatocellular damage in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has not been clearly understood. Analysis of costimulatory molecules on lymphocytes may give us insight into the pathogenic mechanism of hepatocellular damage in HCV infection. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and liver infiltrating mononuclear cells (LIMCs)(More)
The myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) is a prominent substrate for protein kinase C (PKC) in a variety of cells. The aim of this study was not only to evaluate the expression and localization of MARCKS in various pathological liver tissues, including HCC, but also to analyze the difference in MARCKS expression between hepatitis(More)
alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is an important marker for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and has been widely used in clinical settings. Recently, the importance of lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of AFP (AFP-L3) has been indicated. However, the clinical significance of the level of AFP-L3 protein in relation to the characteristics of(More)
The efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and RFA with concurrent ethanol injection (EI-RFA) was compared. RFA (3-cm-electrode) was applied to bovine liver using three types of RFA equipment; Radionics, RITA and Radio Therapeutics Corporation (RTC). For EI-RFA, 5 ml of 99.5% ethanol was injected around the electrode. A total number of 40 RFA and EI-RFA(More)