Toshifumi Yamamoto

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Cocaine conditioned place preference (CPP) is intact in dopamine transporter (DAT) knockout (KO) mice and enhanced in serotonin transporter (SERT) KO mice. However, cocaine CPP is eliminated in double-KO mice with no DAT and either no or one SERT gene copy. To help determine mechanisms underlying these effects, we now report examination of baselines and(More)
Serotonergic axons from the raphe nuclei in the brainstem project to every region of the brain, where they make connections through their extensive terminal arborizations. This serotonergic innervation contributes to various normal behaviors and psychiatric disorders. The protocadherin-alpha (Pcdha) family of clustered protocadherins consists of 14(More)
The non-essential amino acid L-serine was shown to be required to support the survival of rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons because of lack of the expression of the L-serine biosynthesis enzyme 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase in them. In the present study, we investigated L-[(3)H]serine uptake in primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes from the rat(More)
The uptake of L-serine, a nonessential amino acid known to be transported by the neutral amino acid transporter system ASC, was studied in primary cultures of rat neurons and astrocytes, and compared with that in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells transfected with rat ASCT1 cDNA. We first cloned neutral amino acid transporter ASCT1 from rat neurons in(More)
The present study aimed to investigate the involvement of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR) and/or nitric oxide (NO) pathway in ketamine-induced behavioral sensitization. Mice received repeated subcutaneous administration of ketamine (25mg/kg), once daily or once weekly for a total of five doses. Even three administrations of ketamine, daily or weekly, induced a(More)
We reported previously that low levels of nitric oxide (NO) induced cell death with properties of apoptosis, including chromatin fragmentation and condensation in undifferentiated PC12 pheochromocytoma cells. The present study demonstrates that cytotoxicity of low concentrations of NO is mediated by inhibition of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase and(More)
The neuronal vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2) is the target molecule of action of some psychostimulants, such as methamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). The present study examined the effect of antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), on VMAT2 activity by measuring adenosine(More)
Noncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists evoke a behavioral and neurobiological syndrome in experimental animals. We previously reported that phencyclidine (PCP), an NMDA receptor antagonist, increased locomotor activity in wildtype (WT) mice but not GluN2D subunit knockout mice. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine(More)
Repeated amphetamine administration results in behavioral sensitization. Behavioral sensitization related to abuse and/or relapse may be associated with stable changes in gene expression. To explore the participating genes, we examined the changes in gene expression levels 24 h or 21 days (long-term withdrawal period) after chronic methamphetamine (METH)(More)
MS-377 ((R)-(+)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-[4-(2-methoxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]methyl-2-pyrrolidinone L-tartrate) is a antipsychotic agent that binds to sigma-1 receptor. MS-377 showed anti-dopaminergic and anti-serotonergic activities and antagonistic action against phencyclidine (PCP)-induced behaviors in an animal model. These anti-psychotic activities of MS-377(More)