Toshifumi Wakai

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We measured the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors (PBRs), a marker of gliosis, in 26 brain areas (cerebral cortex, thalamus and extrapyramidal system) of the postmortem brains of 13 chronic schizophrenics and 10 controls, using [3H] PK 11195 as a ligand for the receptor assay. The specific [3H] PK 11195 binding was significantly decreased in three(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphorylated histone H2AX ( γ -H2AX) is a potential regulator of DNA repair and is a useful tool for detecting DNA damage. To evaluate the clinical usefulness of γ -H2AX in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we measured the level of γ -H2AX in HCC, dysplastic nodule, and nontumorous liver diseases. METHODS The level of γ -H2AX was measured by(More)
We try to elucidate whether a carbon ion beam alone or in combination with gemcitabine has advantages over X-ray in targeting putative pancreatic cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) in vitro and in vivo. Colony, spheroid formation and tumorigenicity assays confirmed that CD44+/ESA+ cells sorted from PANC1 and PK45 cells have more CSC properties than CD44-/ESA-(More)
Currently, there are no data on the secondary resistance of gastrointestinal stromal tumours to imatinib. Here, we report a case of metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumour that relapsed during imatinib therapy. Mutation analysis showed that the imatinib-resistant liver tumour contained two c-kit mutations.
BACKGROUND AND AIM The aim of this study was to elucidate the risk of subsequent biliary malignancy in patients undergoing cyst excision for congenital choledochal cysts. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 94 patients who had undergone cyst excision for congenital choledochal cysts was conducted. The median age at the time of cyst excision and median(More)
Paraneoplastic syndromes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not uncommon. However, the prognosis is poor and follow-up and improvement of paraneoplastic syndromes with treatment have been reported rarely. We report a successful case in an aged man of a massive HCC with paraneoplastic syndrome, treated by combined intraarterial chemotherapy and hepatic(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a pleiotropic lipid mediator that regulates cell survival, migration, the recruitment of immune cells, angiogenesis, and lymphangiogenesis, all of which are involved in cancer progression. S1P is generated inside cancer cells by sphingosine kinases then exported outside of the cell into the tumor microenvironment where it(More)
BACKGROUND Few nomograms can predict overall survival (OS) after curative resection of advanced gastric cancer (AGC), and these nomograms were developed using data from only a few large centers over a long time period. The aim of this study was to develop and externally validate an elaborative nomogram that predicts 5-year OS after curative resection for(More)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a recently identified chronic liver disease, which progresses to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As the number of patients studied to date has been limited, clinically useful prognostic biomarkers of NASH-related HCC have not been available. In this study, we investigated the status of a cell-cycle(More)
We retrospectively examined esophageal cancer patients who received enteral nutrition (EN) to clarify the validity of early EN compared with delayed EN. A total of 103 patients who underwent transthoracic esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy for esophageal cancer were entered. Patients were divided into two groups; Group E received EN within(More)