Toshifumi Oyamada

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Babesia caballi infected erythrocytes were collected from the blood of an experimentally infected horse and could be continuously cultivated in vitro with parasitemia ranging from 2-4% in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 2 mM L-glutamine, 20 mM HEPES and 40% adult horse serum in a low oxygen atmosphere (2% O2, 5% CO2 and 93% N2). All attempts to increase(More)
Antigen for the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was routinely prepared from infected erythrocytes from horses experimentally infected with Babesia equi and Babesia caballi. With the successful establishment of in vitro cultures of B. equi and B. caballi, it is now possible to employ culture-derived antigens in this test. In this study, in(More)
Doxorubicin treatment causes delayed development of cardiotoxicity. Whether the doxorubicin-induced impairment of cardiac functions reverses or progresses with time after the cessation of the treatment was examined. The rats were injected with doxorubicin (2.5 mg/kg, i.v., once a week for 3 weeks) and sacrificed at 1 (1W), 13 (13W), or 18 (18W) weeks after(More)
A fatal encephalomyelitis was developed after intracerebral and hind limb inoculation of in 6-week-old C57BL/6J mice by the inoculation of fixed rabies virus (CVS-11 strain), intracerebrally and into hind. After the intracerebral inoculation, virus antigens were detected in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus at 2 days postinoculation (PI), and later spread(More)
Fixed rabies viruses (CVS-11 strain) were inoculated intramuscularly to C57BL/6J mice, and the pathomorphological changes of the spinal cord including dorsal root spinal ganglion cells were investigated. At 4 days postinoculation (PI), viral antigens were first detected in the spinal neurons and dorsal root spinal ganglion cells without producing(More)
The Ca(2+)-releasing mechanisms of the sarcoplasmic reticulum responsible for cardiac muscle contraction in carp were examined and compared with these mechanisms in rats. Morphologically, the ventricular muscles of the carp heart are composed of an outer compact and an inner spongy layer. In the present study, ventricular muscle preparations were obtained(More)
Serum-free media were examined to culture Babesia caballi. Daigo's T (DT) basal medium supplemented with Daigo's GF21 (GF21) or GIT medium, which already contains GF21, supported the parasite propagation at 37 C in a humidified atmosphere under 5% CO2 in air. Growth of B. caballi was dependent of the suitable concentration (10-20%) of GF21. Therefore, GF21(More)
A case of wildlife trichinosis was found in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes japonica) captured at Rokkasho, Aomori Prefecture on November 27, 1998. Trichinella larvae were obtained from almost all of the muscle tissues except for the masseter. The highest number of larvae per gram of tissue was found in the muscles of the gluteal region and throat. The lowest(More)
A case of direct antiglobulin test(DAT)-negative autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) associated with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is presented. A 54-year-old female was admitted with liver dysfunction and anemia. AIH was diagnosed based on the diagnostic criteria of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group. The patient was DAT-negative, and exhibited all(More)
The mammary tissues of 6 cows with bovine leukemia virus (BLV) antibody and subclinical mastitis were investigated histopathologically, and their organ cultures were ultrastructurally observed. Numerous BLV particles, 110 to 120 nm in diameter, were seen around lymphocytes, which had infiltrated into mammary alveoli and showed blastogenesis under culture.(More)