Toshifumi Nara

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Human oligopeptide transporter (hPEPT1) translocates di/tri-peptide by coupling to movement of proton down the electrochemical gradient. This transporter has the characteristics that the pH-profile of neutral dipeptide transport shows a bell-shaped curve with an optimal pH of 5.5. In the present study, we examined the reason for the decrease in the acidic(More)
Escherichia coli has closely related amino acid chemoreceptors with distinct ligand specificity, Tar for l-aspartate and Tsr for l-serine. Crystallography of the ligand-binding domain of Tar identified the residues interacting with aspartate, most of which are conserved in Tsr. However, swapping of the nonconserved residues between Tsr and Tar did not(More)
A gene encoding putative retinal protein was cloned from Haloterrigena turkmenica (JCM9743). The deduced amino acid sequence was most closely related to that of deltarhodopsin, which functions as a light-driven H+ pump and was identified in a novel strain Haloterrigena sp. arg-4 (K. Ihara, T. Uemura, I. Katagiri, T. Kitajima-Ihara, Y. Sugiyama, Y. Kimura,(More)
EbrAB in Bacillus subtilis belongs to a novel small multidrug resistance (SMR) family of multidrug efflux pumps. EmrE in Escherichia coli, a representative of SMR, functions as a homo-oligomer in the membrane. On the other hand, EbrAB requires a hetero-oligomeric configuration consisting of two polypeptides, EbrA and EbrB. Although both polypeptides have a(More)
EbrAB is a multidrug-resistance transporter in Bacillus subtilis that belongs to the small multidrug resistance, and requires two polypeptides of both EbrA and EbrB, implying that it functions in the hetero-dimeric state. In this study, we investigated the transmembrane topologies of EbrA and EbrB. Various single-cysteine mutants were expressed in(More)
Proteorhodopsin (PR) is an outward light-driven proton pump observed in marine eubacteria. Despite many structural and functional similarities to bacteriorhodopsin (BR) in archaea, which also acts as an outward proton pump, the mechanism of the photoinduced proton release and uptake is different between two H(+)-pumps. In this study, we investigated the pH(More)
Baliga et al. (2004) [1] reported the existence of a functionally unpredictable opsin gene, named xop2, in Haloarcula marismortui, a holophilic archaeon. Ihara et al. [38] performed molecular phylogenetic analysis and determined that the product of xop2 belonged to a new class of opsins in the sensory rhodopsins. This microbial rhodopsin was therefore named(More)
Sensory rhodopsin II from Halobacterium salinarum (HsSRII) is a retinal protein in which retinal binds to a specific lysine residue through a Schiff base. Here, we investigated the photobleaching of HsSRII in the presence of hydroxylamine. For identification of intermediate(s) attacked by hydroxylamine, we employed the flash-induced bleaching method. In(More)
Halorhodopsin (HR), an inwardly directed, light-driven anion pump, is a membrane protein in halobacterial cells that contains the chromophore retinal, which binds to a specific lysine residue forming the Schiff base. An anion binds to the extracellular binding site near the Schiff base, and illumination makes this anion go to the intracellular channel,(More)