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Supplement of 1% lithocholic acid (LCA) in the diet for 5-9 days resulted in elevated levels of the marker for liver damage aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase activities in both farnesoid X receptor (FXR)-null and wild-type female mice. The levels were clearly higher in wild-type mice than in FXR-null mice, despite the diminished expression(More)
The novel gastroprokinetic agent acotiamide improves gastric motility by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity in stomach; however, the mechanism of distribution of acotiamide from blood to stomach has not been clarified. Here, the tissue distribution of acotiamide was investigated in rats. The tissue-to-plasma concentration ratio (K(p,app,in vivo)) for(More)
We correct an omission in the definition of the domain of weakly responsive preferences introduced in Klaus and Klijn (2005) or KK05 for short. The proof of the existence of stable matchings (KK05, Theorem 3.3) and a maximal domain result (KK05, Theorem 3.5) are adjusted accordingly. The model and notation are as in KK05. The following example demonstrates(More)
Mice lacking the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) involved in the maintenance of hepatic bile acid levels are highly sensitive to cholic acid-induced liver toxicity. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity was elevated 15.7-fold after feeding a 0.25% cholic acid diet, whereas only slight increases in serum AST (1.7- and 2.5-fold) were observed in(More)
Long-term nephrotoxicity of ifosfamide is occasionally progressive, and, in such case, there has been no specific treatment to prevent progression. It has been reported that the presence of karyomegalic interstitial nephritis, which is rare type of interstitial nephritis, may be related to ifosfamide-induced nephropathy with poor prognosis and resistant to(More)
Corrigendum Corrigendum to " Stable matchings and preferences of couples " [J. Abstract We correct an omission in the definition of the domain of weakly responsive preferences introduced in [B. Klaus, F. Klijn, Stable matchings and preferences of couples, J. Econ. Theory 121 (2005) 75–106] or KK05 for short. The proof of the existence of stable matchings(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have unveiled cardiovascular pathological roles of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in many types of cells. Although we have confirmed high expression of MR in intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), that role in progression of cardiovascular diseases is yet to be elucidated. As intestine is the first gate sensing sodium intake, MR of(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been reported that obesity-related high blood pressure was partly associated with increased aldosterone secretion and/or activity, but detailed mechanisms are not known. Our previous study suggested that different salt contents in each diet would affect the aldosterone levels. In this study, we investigated the change of aldosterone(More)
Asacol, a medication that delivers delayed release 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), is a useful therapeutic agent for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the relationship between its pharmacological actions and intestinal concentrations has not been studied in detail. Therefore, our aim was to assess 5-ASA's pharmacological actions as a function of its(More)
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