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Intracellular recordings were obtained from rat trigeminal motoneurons in slice preparations to investigate the role of calcium conductances in the depolarizing and hyperpolarizing spike afterpotential (ADP and mAHP, respectively). The mAHP was suppressed by bath application of 1 microM apamin, 2 mM Mn2+, and 2 mM Co2+, and also by intracellular injection(More)
Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is based on the gustatory long-term memory established after association of the taste of food (conditioned stimulus, CS) with visceral signals of poisoning (unconditioned stimulus, US). After the acquisition of CTA, hedonics of the taste CS changes from positive to negative as indicated by reduced ingestive and increased(More)
Depression of the mandible in the decerebrate cat induced retraction of the tongue. The mechanism of this jaw-tongue reflex was analyzed by recording electromyographic activity from the temporal and styloglossal muscles as representative masticatory and extrinsic tongue muscles, respectively. Tongue muscle activity was elicited when the mouth was opened(More)
We followed five cases with severe febrile seizures (FS) with early onset and seizures induced by hot water bath, indicating severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SME) or the peripheral form of SME. These cases, however, had far better clinical courses than that of SME or the peripheral form of SME. These cases were characterized by: (a) severe FS with(More)
After transection of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN: the third branch of the trigeminal nerve), the whisker pad area, which is innervated by the second branch of the trigeminal nerve, showed hypersensitivity to mechanical stimulation. Two days after IAN transection, the threshold intensity for escape behavior to mechanical stimulation of the ipsilateral(More)
In order to clarify the central mechanisms of thermal hyperalgesia produced by peripheral nerve injury, Fos protein-like immunoreactive (Fos-LI) cells in spinal dorsal horn neurons were studied in rats with chronic constriction nerve injury (CCI) following graded thermal stimulation of the hind paw. The graded thermal stimuli (cold: 5, 10 and 15 degrees C,(More)
Studies at spinal levels indicate that peripheral tissue or nerve injury induces a state of hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons that participates in the development of persistent pain and hyperalgesia. It has not been demonstrated that persistent injury in the orofacial region leads to a similar state of central hyperexcitability in the(More)
A retrospective analysis of 111 patients with aneurysms associated with Moyamoya disease is presented. The subjects comprised of our 12 cases and 99 other well-documented cases. These 111 cases had 131 aneurysms. There were 48 males and 63 females. The average age was 40.3 years. The clinical manifestations were intracranial haemorrhage in 99 cases (89%),(More)
The interdental dimension discrimination (IDD) ability was tested at seven different degrees of mouth opening: 40 mm, 30 mm, 20 mm and 10 mm openings for the dentate subjects, and 10 mm opening, intercuspal position (ICP) and the ICP minus 5 mm for the edentulous subjects. The subjects were asked to discriminate between pairs of sticks held alternately(More)
No significant differences in the interdental dimension discrimination (IDD) ability were found between normal and joint defect subjects. Furthermore, vibration onto the mandible gave similar effects on the nature of IDD in both subject groups. Thus, the muscle spindles of masticatory muscles may contribute to IDD, but temporomandibular receptors may not.