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Depression of the mandible in the decerebrate cat induced retraction of the tongue. The mechanism of this jaw-tongue reflex was analyzed by recording electromyographic activity from the temporal and styloglossal muscles as representative masticatory and extrinsic tongue muscles, respectively. Tongue muscle activity was elicited when the mouth was opened(More)
After transection of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN: the third branch of the trigeminal nerve), the whisker pad area, which is innervated by the second branch of the trigeminal nerve, showed hypersensitivity to mechanical stimulation. Two days after IAN transection, the threshold intensity for escape behavior to mechanical stimulation of the ipsilateral(More)
The level of synaptotagmin I or II in developing spinal neurons was increased by injection of synaptotagmin messenger RNA into early blastomeres of Xenopus embryos. The effect of overexpression of synaptotagmin on synaptic function was assayed in Xenopus nerve-muscle cultures within two days after injection. At neuromuscular synapses made by(More)
1. In order to examine whether a recently developed allosteric potentiator for AMPA receptors, 4-[2-(phenylsulphonylamino)ethylthio]-2,6-difluoro-phenoxyaceta mide (PEPA), can be utilized as an indicator of AMPA receptor heterogeneity, the action of PEPA upon the increase of intracellular free calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) elicited by AMPA was(More)
The interdental dimension discrimination (IDD) ability was tested at seven different degrees of mouth opening: 40 mm, 30 mm, 20 mm and 10 mm openings for the dentate subjects, and 10 mm opening, intercuspal position (ICP) and the ICP minus 5 mm for the edentulous subjects. The subjects were asked to discriminate between pairs of sticks held alternately(More)
No significant differences in the interdental dimension discrimination (IDD) ability were found between normal and joint defect subjects. Furthermore, vibration onto the mandible gave similar effects on the nature of IDD in both subject groups. Thus, the muscle spindles of masticatory muscles may contribute to IDD, but temporomandibular receptors may not.
The chorda tympani nerve, supplying the anterior two-thirds of the tongue, contains gustatory and mechanosensitive afferent fibers. We have analyzed discharge patterns in rats of various fibers recorded from dissected nerve filaments during licking behavior of which 4 were taste-sensitive and 12 mechanosensitive. The incidence of these two types were(More)
1. The effects of secreted forms of beta-amyloid-precursor proteins (APP(S)s) on the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were investigated in rat cultured hippocampal neurones. APP695S, a secretory form of APP695, attenuated the increase in [Ca2+]i evoked by glutamate. In addition, APP695S itself evoked an increase in [Ca2+]i in 1 or 2 day-cultured(More)
It has been difficult for investigators to simultaneously and reliably evaluate bite force in the intercuspal position with the area and location of occlusal contacts. This study was designed to investigate the variations in these parameters with respect to two factors: three levels of clenching and the preferred chewing side. Human subjects with normal(More)
The effect of the secretory form of amyloid precursor protein (sAPP) on synaptic transmission was examined by using developing neuromuscular synapses in Xenopus cell cultures. The frequency of spontaneous postsynaptic currents (SSCs) was reduced by the addition of sAPP, whereas the amplitude of impulse-evoked postsynaptic currents (ESCs) was increased by(More)