Toshie Ogasawara

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The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway plays a central role in growth, proliferation, and anti-apoptotic mechanisms to promote cell cycle and survival not only in normal cells but also in a variety of tumor cells. Thus, the PI3K/Akt pathway, including the downstream effectors, may be a critical target for cancer therapy. Although this pathway(More)
PURPOSE Cladribine (2-CdA) is a purine analogue that exhibits activity against a variety of hematological malignancies and has a potent immunosuppressive effect. We therefore performed a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility of a novel 2-CdA-based reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation (RIST) regimen. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A total of 16 scheduled(More)
To elucidate the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and Akt kinase in leukemogenesis caused by the breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-Abelson (ABL) tyrosine kinase oncoprotein, we examined the activities of MAPKs and Akt kinase and their roles in the action of STI571, a specific inhibitor of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, in chronic myelogenous(More)
We describe a patient who developed myelodysplastic syndrome over 2 years after achieving complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The patient was treated in July 1998 with anthracycline, etoposide, and behenoyl cytarabine chemotherapy for AML (French-American-British classification, M2; World Health Organization classification, AML with(More)
A 70-year-old woman suffering from HCV-related liver cirrhosis was admitted for abnormal bleeding. Laboratory findings included PT at 46.6 sec, APTT at >212 sec, factor V activity of <3%, and factor V inhibitor of 2 BU. Having experienced a persistent bleeding tendency for one month, the patient was started on prednisolone (0.8 mg/kg/day). Within a few(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), a heterodimeric lipid kinase, is a key enzyme in signal transduction from various stimuli to downstream pathways that elicit diverse responses involving growth, proliferation, survival, differentiation, and metabolism in many cellular systems. Activated PI3K generates phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate, which(More)
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells express on their surface membranes immunoglobulin (Ig) M or IgD, both of which normally function as B-cell antigen receptors (BCRs). However, in contrast to normal B-cells, in B-CLL cells several important signaling pathways, such as the activation of protein tyrosine kinase via BCR, are defective. We have(More)
Malignant lymphoma is a major cause of hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS), in which reactive macrophages, phagocytic red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets proliferate in bone marrow, liver, and spleen. In contrast to T/NK-cell lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (T/NK-LAHS), few cases of B-LAHS have been reported; thus, the clinical(More)
We describe a 79-year-old man who had massive pleural effusion and a proliferation of prolymphocytic leukemia cells in the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and pleural effusion fluid. Immunophenotyping of leukemia cells revealed either CD3+CD4+CD8-CD25+ or CD3+CD4+CD8+CD25+. The antibody against human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I was negative. A diagnosis(More)
Signaling molecules such as p21(ras) (Ras), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and Akt kinase play pivotal roles in the proliferation and survival of lymphoid cells in response to many kinds of stimulation. It is not fully understood, however, how these molecules participate in the growth of malignant lymphoid cells. We determined whether Ras, MAPKs(More)