Toshie H Hida

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Beta-glucan (BG) is a representative pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) produced by pathogenic fungi. SCG is a BG obtained from Sparassis crispa, which stimulates splenocytes in DBA/2 mice to produce cytokines, such as GM-CSF, IFN-γ, and TNF-α. In the present study, we analyzed the molecular mechanism of SCG-mediated cytokine synthesis using(More)
Fungal β-glucan is a representative pathogen-associated microbial pattern (PAMP) from mushroom, yeast, and fungi, and stimulates innate as well as acquired immune systems. It is a widely used functional food to enhance immunity. Such plant extracts have been known as folk medicines and reported to show various biological activities beneficial to human(More)
Soluble β-glucan preparation from the cold NaOH extract of Sparassis crispa (SCG) is a six-branched 1,3-β-D-glucan that is a major cell-wall structural component in fungi. Leukocytes from DBA/2 mice are highly sensitive to SCG, producing cytokines in vitro. We previously reported that the intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of β-glucan decreased cytokine(More)
SCG is a 6-branched 1,3-beta-D-glucan, which are major cell wall structural components in fungi. Leukocytes from DBA/1 and DBA/2 mice are highly sensitive to SCG, producing cytokines such as GM-CSF, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-12p70, but not IL-6. GM-CSF plays a key biological role in this activity. In the present study, we examined the effect of giving(More)
SCG is a 6-branched 1,3-β-D-glucan, and is a major cell wall structural component in fungi. The leukocytes from DBA/1 and DBA/2 mice are highly sensitive to SCG, producing cytokines, such as GM-CSF, IFN-γ and TNF-α. GM-CSF plays a key biological role in this activity. We analyzed factors induced by SCG in splenocytes from DBA/2 mice by DNA microarray(More)
Curdlan, an extracellular bacterial polysaccharide, is a linear β-1,3-glucan. Previously, we developed Curdlan-oligo (CRDO). We investigated its effect on the production of cytokines in leukocytes from mice, and compared its activity with that of SCG, a 6-branched 1,3-β-glucan. Splenocytes from DBA/2 mice were cultured with CRDO or SCG (0, 1, 10 or 100(More)
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