Toshiaki Teruya

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AIMS The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma plays an important role in adipocyte differentiation. Its ligands, including thiazolidinediones, improve insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes. We investigate the effect of magnolol, an ingredient of Magnolia officinalis on adipogenesis and glucose uptake using 3T3-L1 cells.(More)
Organotin compounds, such as tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT), have been widely used in agriculture and industry. Although these compounds are known to have many toxic effects, including endocrine-disrupting effects, their effects on bone resorption are unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of organotin compounds, such as monobutyltin(More)
A novel cytotoxic peptide, termed bisebromoamide (1), has been isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp. Its planar structure was determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The absolute stereostructure of 1 was determined by chemical degradation followed by chiral HPLC analysis. Bisebromoamide (1) exhibited potent protein kinase inhibition: the(More)
The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ plays an important role in adipocyte differentiation. Its ligands, including thiazolidinediones, improve insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes. We investigated the effects of artepillin C, an ingredient of Baccharis dracunculifolia, on adipogenesis and glucose uptake using 3T3-L1(More)
Honokiol, a neolignan, is a physiologically active component of kouboku (Magnolia obovata), a herb used in traditional Chinese medicine. This study investigated the effects of honokiol on the differentiation and function of osteoclasts induced by receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL). Honokiol markedly inhibited RANKL-induced(More)
Nobiletin (NOB) is a polymethoxylated flavone present in citrus fruits and has been reported to have antitumor and anti-inflammatory effects. However, little is known about the effects of NOB on obesity and insulin resistance. In this study, we examined the effects of NOB on obesity and insulin resistance, and the underlying mechanisms, in high-fat diet(More)
The mass and function of bones depend on the maintenance of a complicated balance between osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast-mediated bone formation. An inhibitor of osteoclast differentiation and/or function is expected to be useful for treatment of bone lytic diseases such as osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and tumor metastasis into(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the cytotoxic constituents of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp. led to the isolation of biselyngbyaside (1), a new 18-membered macrolide glycoside. The structure of 1 was established by spectroscopic analysis including 2D-NMR techniques and by synthetic studies. Biselyngbyaside (1) exhibits broad-spectrum cytotoxicity in(More)
Nobiletin is a polymethoxylated flavone found in certain citrus fruits that exhibits various pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory, antitumor and neuroprotective properties. The present study investigated the effects of nobiletin on insulin sensitivity in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, and the possible mechanisms involved. The ob/ob mice were(More)
Bone mass is regulated by osteoblast-mediated bone formation and osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. We previously reported that harmine, a β-carboline alkaloid, inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we investigated the effects of harmine on osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and mineralization.(More)