Toshiaki Takahashi

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Expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) repeats cause neurodegenerative disorders, but their cytotoxic structures remain to be elucidated. Although soluble polyQ oligomers have been proposed as a cytotoxic structure, the cytotoxicity of soluble polyQ oligomers, not inclusion bodies (IBs), has not been proven in living cells. To clarify the cytotoxicity of soluble(More)
Aprepitant is a new neurokinin-1 (NK(1) ) receptor antagonist developed as a treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). To evaluate the efficacy and safety of aprepitant used in combination with standard therapy (granisetron and dexamethasone), we conducted a multicenter, phase II, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study in(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic cause of cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL), which is characterized by ischemic, nonhypertensive, cerebral small-vessel disease with associated alopecia and spondylosis, is unclear. METHODS In five families with CARASIL, we carried out linkage analysis, fine mapping(More)
We have evaluated the association between trunk deformities of the sagittal plane and functional impairment of daily living in community-dwelling elderly subjects. The analysis involved a detailed assessment of indoor and outdoor activities of daily living, satisfaction with life, and mental status. The participants in this study were 236 community-dwelling(More)
PURPOSE The use of erlotinib after gefitinib failure in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not clearly clarified in clinical practice. We sought to compile the available clinical reports to better understand the effectiveness of erlotinib after failure of gefitinib. METHODS We searched published reports including erlotinib and gefitinib.(More)
AIM L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is known to be highly expressed in various human neoplasms. However, little is known about how LAT1 is associated with glucose metabolism, hypoxia and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between LAT1(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma is a rare epithelial tumor and has an aggressive clinical course. As few studies of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma have been described, the clinicopathological characteristics of the disease remain unclear. Especially, the information on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status of pulmonary(More)
A new radiographic method using the anterior and posterior femoral condyles as a landmark to determine the rotational alignment of the femoral component in TKA had been developed. The new radiograph presents an axial view of the distal femur. The patients were asked to lie in the supine position and flex the knee approximately 120° to 130°. Radiographs were(More)
Aprataxin (APTX) is the causative gene product for early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia (EAOH/AOA1). In our previous study, we found that APTX interacts with X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), a scaffold protein with an essential role in single-strand DNA break repair (SSBR). To further characterize the functions(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the stress and displacement change with differing shapes of the tibial component in total knee arthroplasty. BACKGROUND There are few reports on tibial tray mechanics with and without a posterior concave slot, using three-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS By considering(More)