Toshiaki Shishido

Learn More
Although the characteristics of the static interaction between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems in regulating heart rate (HR) have been well established, how the dynamic interaction modulates the HR response remains unknown. We therefore investigated dynamic interaction by estimating the transfer function from nerve stimulation to HR(More)
The baroreflex loop consists of a fast neural arc and a slow mechanical arc. We hypothesized that the neural baroreflex arc compensates the slow mechanical response and thus improves the quality of blood pressure regulation. We estimated the open-loop transfer characteristics of the neural baroreflex arc (HP), i.e., from carotid sinus pressure to(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-invasive diagnosis of rejection is a major objective in the management of heart transplant recipients. The ability of strain rate (SR) imaging on echocardiograms to detect rejection in heart transplant recipients was investigated. METHODS A total of 396 endomyocardial biopsies, right-heart catheterisation and echocardiograms were performed(More)
The sympathetic baroreflex is an important feedback system in stabilization of arterial pressure. This system can be decomposed into the controlling element (mechanoneural arc) and the controlled element (neuromechanical arc). We hypothesized that the intersection of the two operational curves representing their respective functions on an equilibrium(More)
Although regional difference in sympathetic efferent nerve activity has been well investigated, whether this regional difference exists in the dynamic baroreflex regulation of sympathetic nerve activity remains uncertain. In anesthetized, vagotomized, and aortic-denervated rabbits, we isolated carotid sinuses and randomly perturbed intracarotid sinus(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced left ventricular torsion (LV-tor) has been reported to be associated with acute rejection in heart transplant (HTx) recipients. We investigated the utility of LV-tor analysis derived from 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) for detecting allograft rejection. METHODS A total of 301 endomyocardial biopsies (EMBs),(More)
We earlier reported that stimulation of either one of the sympathetic and vagal nerves augments the dynamic heart rate (HR) response to concurrent stimulation of its counterpart. We explained this phenomenon by assuming a sigmoidal static relationship between nerve activity and HR. To confirm this assumption, we stimulated the sympathetic and/or vagal nerve(More)
We have shown in our previous study that the transfer function between central aortic pressure and tonometric radial arterial pressure can be modeled as a pure elastic lossless tube terminated with a modified Windkessel. We hypothesized, using the model-derived radial arterial flow, that central pressure could be reconstructed by adding the time-shifted(More)
We developed a new method for isolating in situ baroreceptor regions of the rabbit aortic depressor nerve (ADN) and estimated the transfer function from pressure to afferent nerve activity in the frequency range of 0.01-5 Hz by a white noise technique. Complete isolation of the baroreceptor area of the right ADN was made in situ by ligation of the(More)
The use of neonatal ventral hippocampal nVH lesioned rats is well established in animal models of schizophrenia. Moreover, the dysfunction of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) neurotransmission may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. To examine the effect of glycine (GLY) in this animal model, we compared the effects of GLY (0.8 and 1.6(More)