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The inwardly rectifying K(+) channel Kir6.1 forms K(+) channels by coupling with a sulfonylurea receptor in reconstituted systems, but the physiological roles of Kir6.1-containing K(+) channels have not been determined. We report here that mice lacking the gene encoding Kir6.1 (known as Kcnj8) have a high rate of sudden death associated with spontaneous ST(More)
Although somatic stem cells have been reported to exist in various adult organs, there have been few reports concerning stem cells in the heart. We here demonstrate that Sca-1-positive (Sca-1+) cells in adult hearts have some of the features of stem cells. Sca-1+ cells were isolated from adult murine hearts by a magnetic cell sorting system and cultured on(More)
Studies on patients and large animal models suggest the importance of atrial fibrosis in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). To investigate whether increased fibrosis is sufficient to produce a substrate for AF, we have studied cardiac electrophysiology (EP) and inducibility of atrial arrhythmias in MHC-TGFcys33ser transgenic mice (Tx), which have(More)
AIMS Provocation tests of coronary artery spasm are useful for the diagnosis of vasospastic angina (VSA). However, these tests are thought to have a potential risk of arrhythmic complications, including ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), and brady-arrhythmias. We aimed to elucidate the safety and the clinical implications of the(More)
AIMS Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inheritable and life-threatening disease; however, it is often difficult to determine disease characteristics in sporadic cases with novel mutations, and more precise analysis is necessary for the successful development of evidence-based clinical therapies. This study thus sought to better characterize ion channel cardiac(More)
  • Yusuke Takagi, Jun Takahashi, +15 authors Hiroaki Shimokawa
  • 2013
OBJECTIVES The present study aimed to develop a comprehensive clinical risk score for vasospastic angina (VSA) patients. BACKGROUND Previous studies demonstrated various prognostic factors of future adverse events in VSA patients. However, to apply these prognostic factors in clinical practice, the assessment of their accumulation in individual patients(More)
The angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor that has a crucial role in the development of load-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we show that cell stretch leads to activation of the AT(1) receptor, which undergoes an anticlockwise rotation and a shift of transmembrane (TM) 7 into the ligand-binding pocket. As an inverse(More)
1. In the present study we investigated the difference in the distribution of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among three middle-aged Tanzanian populations with different lifestyles. 2. The prevalence of hypertension and overweight was higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Plasma leptin concentration was also highest in urban areas. Based(More)
It is not currently practical to directly measure viscoelastic parameters in human muscles in situ. Methods used in vitro cannot readily be applied, and motion analysis provides only a gross estimate. We report on the application of a hybrid approach, sonoelastography, which uses ultrasound to measure the propagation of shear waves induced by externally(More)