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Inflammatory lesions of the pituitary gland are rarely encountered. Recently, the concept of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease was proposed in Japan, and more than 20 cases have been reported as possibly associated with infundibulo-hypophysitis since 2000. We herein review such case reports in the published literature and in the abstracts of(More)
OBJECTIVE Double pituitary adenomas are extremely rare. They can be divided into contiguous and clearly separated types. Most contiguous tumours are surgically removed as one tumour and the co-existence of different adenoma types can be confirmed by histological methods. In contrast, detailed preoperative neuroimaging studies can suggest the co-existence of(More)
High-mobility group A2 is highly expressed during embryogenesis and in various benign and malignant tumors. Recent studies report that high-mobility group A2 is negatively regulated by the let-7 microRNAs (miRNAs) family in vitro. The development of pituitary adenomas in high-mobility group A2 transgenic mice showed that high-mobility group A2 may be(More)
CONTEXT Crooke's cell adenoma (CCA), characterized by massive Crooke's hyaline change in corticotroph adenoma, causes a rare subtype of Cushing's disease. In contrast to ordinary corticotroph adenomas, CCAs are generally aggressive and present as invasive macroadenomas, which are refractory to both surgery and radiotherapy and have a high-recurrence rate.(More)
Five cases of acral myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma that occurred in the distal extremities within the subcutaneous tissue are described. In one case, recurrence and metastases were recognized rather rapidly, only 3 months after the first excision. There have been no reports of early recurrence or metastases, especially the latter. The predominant(More)
Pituitary adenomas producing almost exclusively growth hormones (GH) have been ultrastructurally classified into two distinct types: densely granulated somatotroph (DG) adenomas and sparsely granulated (SG) adenomas. Fibrous body (FB), an intracytoplasmic globular aggregation of cytokeratin (CK) filaments, is a hallmark of SG adenomas. Under light(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic pseudolipomatosis is rare and the pathogenesis is controversial. The purpose of the present paper was to clarify endoscopic and histological characteristics of colonic pseudolipomatosis and to discuss the etiology. METHODS A total of 15 lesions from 14 patients was reviewed. They were able to be histologically classified into two groups(More)
We studied the allele frequency distribution of the Y-chromosome linked tetranucleotide polymorphic microsatellite locus DYS19 in 90 prostate cancer Japanese patients from both Tokushima University hospital (Tokushima) and Saint Marianna University hospital (Kawasaki), Japan, comparing them to 99 matched male controls. Y-chromosomes from Japan as well as(More)
BACKGROUND Angiomyolipoma composed predominantly of epithelioid cells has been referred to as epithelioid angiomyolipoma. As this subtype shows considerable cellular atypia, it may be erroneously diagnosed as malignant epithelioid tumor, such as renal cell carcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. So far, only one report describing the cytologic findings of(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, germline mutations of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene located on 11q13 were identified in patients with pituitary adenoma predisposition. AIM/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the involvement of the AIP gene in one family with isolated familial somatotropinomas (IFS). To investigate the role of AIP in(More)