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Secretory proteins and extracellular glycans are transported to the extracellular space during cell growth. These materials are carried in secretory vesicles generated at the trans-Golgi network (TGN). Analysis of the mammalian post-Golgi secretory pathway demonstrated the movement of separated secretory vesicles in the cell. Using secretory carrier(More)
We have identified, purified, and characterized 10 alpha-amylase isoforms from suspension-cultured rice (Oryza sativa L.) cells having different isoelectric point values. They had distinguishable optimum temperatures for enzymatic activity and molecular sizes. The results of immunoblotting indicated that polyclonal anti-A + B antibodies bound well to(More)
Suspension-cultured cells of rice secrete alpha-amylase into the culture medium. It has been shown that the mature form of the alpha-amylase contains xylose-bearing N-linked oligosaccharide: (formula; see text) We demonstrate that suspension-cultured cells of rice secrete alpha-amylase containing oligomannose-type oligosaccharides in the presence of(More)
In this study, we present data showing that two members of the GRAS family of genes from rice, CIGR1 and CIGR2(chitin-inducible gibberellin-responsive), inducible by the potent elicitor N-acetylchitooligosaccharide (GN), are rapidly induced by exogenous gibberellins. The pattern of mRNA accumulation was dependent on the dose and biological activity of the(More)
To determine the role of alpha-amylase isoform I-1 in the degradation of starch in rice leaf chloroplasts, we generated a series of transgenic rice plants with suppressed expression or overexpression of alpha-amylase I-1. In the lines with suppressed expression of alpha-amylase I-1 at both the mRNA and protein levels, seed germination and seedling growth(More)
Genomic analysis predicted that the rice (Oryza sativa var. japonica) genome encodes at least 41 kinesin-like proteins including the novel kinesin O12, which is classified as a kinesin-14 family member. O12 has a calponin homology (CH) domain that is known as an actin-binding domain. In this study, we expressed the functional domains of O12 in Escherichia(More)
A nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (NPP) activity that catalyzes the hydrolytic breakdown of ADP-glucose (ADPG) has been shown to occur in the plastidial compartment of both mono- and dicotyledonous plants. To learn more about this enzyme, we purified two NPPs from rice (Oryza sativa) and barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings. Both enzymes are(More)
A polymorphism in rice amylases at an early stage of seed germination is analyzed by zymogram. In non-glutinous cultivars of rice, alpha-amylase isozymes are mainly confirmed in germinating seeds. However, in glutinous cultivars, beta-amylase isozymes, which are not confirmed in nonglutinous cultivars, make up the major part of the total amylase activity(More)
We describe the properties of a novel 252-kDa protein (P252) isolated from brush border membranes of Bombyx mori. P252 was found in a Triton X-100-soluble brush border membrane vesicle fraction, suggesting that it may be a component of the midgut epithelial cell membrane. P252 was purified to homogeneity, and the amino acid sequence of two internal peptides(More)