Toshiaki Kono

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BACKGROUND Dysfunctions of the prefrontal cortex have been previously reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Previous studies reported that first-degree relatives of individuals with ASD show atypical brain activity during tasks associated with social function. However, developmental changes in prefrontal dysfunction in ASD and(More)
Previous morphological studies indicated that development of the human prefrontal cortex (PFC) appears to continue into late adolescence. Although functional brain imaging studies have sought to determine the time course of functional development of the PFC, it is unclear whether the developmental change occurs after adolescence to adulthood and when it(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has the potential for clinical application in neuropsychiatry because it enables non-invasive and convenient measurement of hemodynamic response to cognitive activation. Using 24-channel NIRS in 12 healthy men, we examined the replicability of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration ([oxyHb], [deoxyHb]) changes in the(More)
This study investigated the relationships between tics, obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS), and impulsivity, and their effects on global functioning in Japanese patients with Tourette syndrome (TS), using the dimensional approach for OCS. Fifty-three TS patients were assessed using the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale, the Dimensional Yale-Brown(More)
OBJECTIVES Sensory phenomena, including premonitory urges, are experienced by patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The goal of the present study was to investigate such phenomena related to tics, obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS), and global functioning in Japanese patients with TS. METHODS Forty-one patients(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies have reported that prefrontal hemodynamic dysfunction during executive function tasks may be a promising biomarker of psychiatric disorders, because its portability and noninvasiveness allow easy measurements in clinical settings. Here, we investigated the degree to which prefrontal NIRS signals are genetically(More)
AIM Although inconsistencies in neuropsychological impairments in Tourette's syndrome (TS) have been discussed with respect to comorbid disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, few studies have focused on the specific dimensions of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) related to TS, such as aggression and symmetry. The aim of this study was to(More)
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