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Topoisomerase inhibitors such as camptothecin and etoposide are used as anti-cancer drugs and induce double-strand breaks (DSBs) in genomic DNA in cycling cells. These DSBs are often covalently bound with polypeptides at the 3' and 5' ends. Such modifications must be eliminated before DSB repair can take place, but it remains elusive which nucleases are(More)
1: Ebselen (2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3[2H]-one) is a selenoorganic compound exhibiting both glutathione peroxidase activity and antioxidant activity. Although it has been reported that ebselen is effective for oxidative stress-induced neuronal damage both in vivo and clinically, the precise mechanisms of the efficacy have not yet been elucidated. Thus,(More)
DNA polymerase zeta (Polzeta) is an error-prone DNA polymerase involved in translesion DNA synthesis. Polzeta consists of two subunits: the catalytic REV3, which belongs to B family DNA polymerase, and the noncatalytic REV7. REV7 also interacts with REV1 polymerase, which is an error-prone Y family DNA polymerase and is also involved in translesion DNA(More)
Clinical topoisomerase I (Top1) and II (Top2) inhibitors trap topoisomerases on DNA, thereby inducing protein-linked DNA breaks. Cancer cells resist the drugs by removing topoisomerase-DNA complexes, and repairing the drug-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) by homologous recombination and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). Because numerous enzymes and(More)
BACKGROUND Many bacterial or mammalian cell-based test systems, such as the Ames test, chromosomal aberration assays, or gene mutation assays, are commonly used in developed countries to detect the genotoxicity of industrial chemicals. However, the specificity is generally limited and the sensitivity is not sufficiently high. In addition, most assays cannot(More)
RAD51 is a key factor in homologous recombination (HR) and plays an essential role in cellular proliferation by repairing DNA damage during replication. The assembly of RAD51 at DNA damage is strictly controlled by RAD51 mediators, including BRCA1 and BRCA2. We found that human RAD51 directly binds GEMIN2/SIP1, a protein involved in spliceosome biogenesis.(More)
The technique of Mos1-mediated Single Copy Insertion (MosSCI) now has become the essential technique which facilitates transgenic experiments for Caenohabditis elegans (C. elegans). Gateway system which is adopted to MosSCI-compatible vectors offers an advantage of simultaneous cloning with entry vectors cloned in the Gateway system format. On the other(More)
Myocardial imaging using beta-methyl-p-(123I)-iodophenylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) was performed in 11 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The left ventricular images were divided into 12 segments, and myocardial imagings with BMIPP were compared with coronary angiography (CAG), thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy (TL) and wall motion obtained by(More)
To determine the indication for coronary revascularization (A-C bypass and PTCA), we performed thallium(Tl)-201 scintigraphy and contrast left ventriculography (LVG) in 25 cases who had A-C bypass surgery and 22 cases who had PTCA. The Tl uptake in the delayed image (Tl score = normal: 3, mild hypoperfusion: 2, severe hypoperfusion: 1, defect: 0), the(More)