Toshiaki Ishikawa

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Colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI+ CRCs) caused by dysfunction of DNA mismatch repair have unique clinicopathological characteristics including good prognosis with T-cell infiltration in tumor. To identify tumor antigens that induce immune response against MSI+ CRC, SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression cloning)(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to identify a novel biomarker or a target of treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression profiles of cancer cells in 104 patients with CRC were examined using laser microdissection and oligonucleotide microarray analysis. Overexpression in CRC cells, especially in patients with distant metastases, was(More)
The farside gravity field of the Moon is improved from the tracking data of the Selenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE) via a relay subsatellite. The new gravity field model reveals that the farside has negative anomaly rings unlike positive anomalies on the nearside. Several basins have large central gravity highs, likely due to super-isostatic,(More)
We developed a scoring system that can combine several immunological parameters and express the immune status of individuals as a simple numeral. T cell immune score was obtained by using 5T cell-related parameters: number of T cells, ratio of CD4(+)T cells to CD8(+)T cells, number of naïve T cells, ratio of naïve T cells to memory T cells, and T cell(More)
The ability of cancer cells to metastasize is dependent on the interactions between their cell-surface molecules and the microenvironment. However, the tumor microenvironment, especially the cancer-associated stroma, is poorly understood. To identify proteins present in the stroma, we focused on phyllodes tumors, rare breast tumors that contain breast(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequently occurring cancers in Japan, and thus a wide range of methods have been deployed to study the molecular mechanisms of CRC. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of CRC, incorporating copy number aberration (CRC) and gene expression data. For the last four years, we have been(More)
The potential of expression profiling using microarray analysis as a tool to predict the prognosis for different types of cancer has been realized. This study aimed to identify a novel biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC). The expression profiles of cancer cells in 152 patients with stage I-III CRC were examined using microarray analysis. High expression(More)
In this paper, we propose a new algorithm for a mobile robot that avoids obstacles autonomously by using local information. In this algorithm, a robot follows a preplanned path as much as possible, and if it detects an obstacle on or near the path, it autonomously changes its direction and controls speed to avoid the obstacle. These steering angle and(More)
This paper proposes three methods to improve the accuracy of the estimation of robot's self-state by observing other robots mutually. Many methods have been proposed to enable the autonomous robots estimate their states, such as the methods of SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping). But those methods usually need high precision sensors (e.g. laser(More)