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BACKGROUND In patients with asymptomatic colorectal cancer with irresectable metastatic disease, the optimal treatment strategy remains controversial. Resection of the primary tumor followed by chemotherapy when possible versus systemic chemotherapy followed by resection of the primary tumor when necessary are compared in this systematic review. PATIENTS(More)
Colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI+ CRCs) caused by dysfunction of DNA mismatch repair have unique clinicopathological characteristics including good prognosis with T-cell infiltration in tumor. To identify tumor antigens that induce immune response against MSI+ CRC, SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression cloning)(More)
We identified a novel prognostic biomarker for the distant metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) using comprehensive combined copy number and gene expression analyses. Expression of mRNA in CRC tissue was profiled in 115 patients using an Affymetrix Gene Chip, and copy number profiles were generated for 122 patients using an Affymetrix 250K Sty array. Genes(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Increasing negative lymph node count has been reported to be associated with better outcomes in patients with colon cancer. The present study aimed to clarify the clinical significance of the lymph node ratio (LNR) and location of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with stage III right colon cancer. METHODS We enrolled 820 patients(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to validate an easy to use practical classification of peritoneal metastasis arising from colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 2,134 consecutive patients who underwent resection for colorectal cancer at a single institution were reviewed. Peritoneal metastasis was classified depending on extent into three groups(More)
Various guidelines suggest indications for performing additional colectomy with en bloc removal of regional lymph nodes after endoscopic resection for T1 colon cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathologic outcomes of patients with surgical treatment after endoscopic resection for T1 colorectal cancer. We used data from 275 patients who had(More)
BACKGROUND As the major subfamily of receptor tyrosine, erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular (Eph) receptor has been related to progression and prognosis in different types of tumors. However, the role and mechanism of EPHA3 in gastric cancer is still not well understood. METHODS Specimen were collected from 202 patients who underwent gastric resection(More)
The accurate preoperative diagnosis of depth of tumor invasion and nodal status in distal rectal cancer is important because neoadjuvant chemotherapy or lateral pelvic lymph node dissection is indicated for patients with T3–T4 tumor or nodal involvement. This study aimed to determine the optimal cutoff value for predicting lymph node metastasis in patients(More)
The PI3K-AKT pathway is activated in a variety of human cancers, resulting in disturbance of cell growth, proliferation and survival. Among the factors affecting the pathway, the K-Ras mutation and PIK3CA mutation are the most common oncogenic alterations in colorectal cancer. We hypothesized that these two mutations are important in activation of the PI3K(More)
Distant metastasis is the major cause of death in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. To identify genes influencing the prognosis of patients with CRC, we compared gene expression in primary tumors with and without distant metastasis using an oligonucleotide microarray. We also examined the expression of the candidate gene in 100 CRC patients by quantitative(More)