Toshiaki Ishikawa

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PURPOSE This study aimed to identify a novel biomarker or a target of treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression profiles of cancer cells in 104 patients with CRC were examined using laser microdissection and oligonucleotide microarray analysis. Overexpression in CRC cells, especially in patients with distant metastases, was(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with asymptomatic colorectal cancer with irresectable metastatic disease, the optimal treatment strategy remains controversial. Resection of the primary tumor followed by chemotherapy when possible versus systemic chemotherapy followed by resection of the primary tumor when necessary are compared in this systematic review. PATIENTS(More)
The PI3K-AKT pathway is activated in a variety of human cancers, resulting in disturbance of cell growth, proliferation and survival. Among the factors affecting the pathway, the K-Ras mutation and PIK3CA mutation are the most common oncogenic alterations in colorectal cancer. We hypothesized that these two mutations are important in activation of the PI3K(More)
Distant metastasis is the major cause of death in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. To identify genes influencing the prognosis of patients with CRC, we compared gene expression in primary tumors with and without distant metastasis using an oligonucleotide microarray. We also examined the expression of the candidate gene in 100 CRC patients by quantitative(More)
We identified a novel prognostic biomarker for the distant metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) using comprehensive combined copy number and gene expression analyses. Expression of mRNA in CRC tissue was profiled in 115 patients using an Affymetrix Gene Chip, and copy number profiles were generated for 122 patients using an Affymetrix 250K Sty array. Genes(More)
Aberrant promoter hypermethylation (methylation) is an epigenetic change that silences the expression of crucial genes, thus inactivating the apoptotic pathway in various cancers. Inactivation of the apoptotic pathway has been considered to be associated with chemoresistance. The objective of the present study was to clarify the effect of the methylation of(More)
Colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI+ CRCs) caused by dysfunction of DNA mismatch repair have unique clinicopathological characteristics including good prognosis with T-cell infiltration in tumor. To identify tumor antigens that induce immune response against MSI+ CRC, SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression cloning)(More)
We developed a scoring system that can combine several immunological parameters and express the immune status of individuals as a simple numeral. T cell immune score was obtained by using 5T cell-related parameters: number of T cells, ratio of CD4(+)T cells to CD8(+)T cells, number of naïve T cells, ratio of naïve T cells to memory T cells, and T cell(More)
Decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan and important component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), is a natural anticancer agent that modulates several receptors involved in cell growth and survival. Reductions in decorin expression may weaken the ECM and enhance the effectiveness of these receptors and may,(More)
Gastric cancer rich in stromal tissue, such as diffuse-type disease, carries a poor prognosis. In some cancers, expression of vimentin, a mesenchymal maker, is associated with poor survival. The expression of mesenchymal markers such as vimentin is observed after epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), an important initial behavioral change related to the(More)