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BACKGROUND Many studies have shown that angiogenesis plays an important role in the process of cancer development and progression. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has a potent angiogenic activity, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) supports angiogenesis by regulated production of angiogenic factors, including VEGF. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to validate an easy to use practical classification of peritoneal metastasis arising from colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 2,134 consecutive patients who underwent resection for colorectal cancer at a single institution were reviewed. Peritoneal metastasis was classified depending on extent into three groups(More)
BACKGROUND Various guidelines suggest indications for performing additional colectomy with en bloc removal of regional lymph nodes after endoscopic resection for T1 colon cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathologic outcomes of patients with surgical treatment after endoscopic resection for T1 colorectal cancer. METHODS We used data from(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with asymptomatic colorectal cancer with irresectable metastatic disease, the optimal treatment strategy remains controversial. Resection of the primary tumor followed by chemotherapy when possible versus systemic chemotherapy followed by resection of the primary tumor when necessary are compared in this systematic review. PATIENTS(More)
We developed a scoring system that can combine several immunological parameters and express the immune status of individuals as a simple numeral. T cell immune score was obtained by using 5T cell-related parameters: number of T cells, ratio of CD4(+)T cells to CD8(+)T cells, number of naïve T cells, ratio of naïve T cells to memory T cells, and T cell(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequently occurring cancers in Japan, and thus a wide range of methods have been deployed to study the molecular mechanisms of CRC. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of CRC, incorporating copy number aberration (CRC) and gene expression data. For the last four years, we have been(More)
The PI3K-AKT pathway is activated in a variety of human cancers, resulting in disturbance of cell growth, proliferation and survival. Among the factors affecting the pathway, the K-Ras mutation and PIK3CA mutation are the most common oncogenic alterations in colorectal cancer. We hypothesized that these two mutations are important in activation of the PI3K(More)
Distant metastasis is the major cause of death in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. To identify genes influencing the prognosis of patients with CRC, we compared gene expression in primary tumors with and without distant metastasis using an oligonucleotide microarray. We also examined the expression of the candidate gene in 100 CRC patients by quantitative(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is caused by an accumulation of genetic alterations and epigenetic alterations. The molecular classification of CRCs based on genetic alterations and epigenetic alterations is evolving. Here, we examined mutations and methylation status in CRCs to determine if the combination of genetic and epigenetic alterations predicts prognosis.(More)
Colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI+ CRCs) caused by dysfunction of DNA mismatch repair have unique clinicopathological characteristics including good prognosis with T-cell infiltration in tumor. To identify tumor antigens that induce immune response against MSI+ CRC, SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression cloning)(More)