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For mapping brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo, seven radioactive acetylcholine analogs, N-[14C]methylpiperidyl-3- and 4-acetates, propionates, isobutyrates, and 3-butyrate were newly synthesized and evaluated in mice. The esters readily entered the brain and were hydrolyzed into the hydrophilic metabolite, which was trapped. In brain homogenates,(More)
We have developed an automated method for measuring high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in serum without prior separation, using polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified enzymes and sulfated alpha-cyclodextrin. When cholesterol esterase and cholesterol oxidase enzymes were modified with PEG, they showed selective catalytic activities towards lipoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Microglial activation and disrupted neurotransmissions may herald symptomatic manifestations in neurodegenerative tauopathies. METHODS We investigated microglial activation with [(11)C]DAA1106 positron emission tomography (PET), striatal dopaminergic function with l-[beta-(11)C]dopa PET, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity with(More)
AIMS The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with stage lb-IIb cervical adenocarcinoma treated with radical hysterectomy, and to determine the clinicopathological characteristics of those patients. METHODS A total of 255 patients with cervical carcinoma stage Ib-IIb (57 adenocarcinoma and 198 squamous cell carcinoma) who had(More)
Alpha-, beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins are cyclic hexamers, heptamers, and octamers of glucose, respectively, and thus are hydrophilic; nevertheless, they have the ability to solubilize lipids through the formation of molecular inclusion complexes. The volume of lipophilic space involved in the solubilization process increases with the number of glucose(More)
We measured brain acetylcholinesterase activity in 16 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 12 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and 13 age-matched controls, using N-methyl-4-[11C]piperidyl acetate and positron emission tomography. Kinetic analysis was performed to calculate k3, an index of acetylcholinesterase activity. In PD patients,(More)
Because the size of metastases greatly affects their detection, we retrospectively investigated the influence of the size of liver metastases on survival after hepatic surgery. The subject group study consisted of 77 patients who underwent liver surgery for metastases from colorectal cancer. The survival rate after hepatic surgery was analysed using(More)
It was reported that Pleurotus ostreatus was transformed unstably using recombinant plasmids containing a hygromycin B phosphotransferase gene (hph) under the control of Aspergillus nidulans expression signals, and that the plasmids were maintained extrachromosomally in the transformants. Here we report a stable and integrative transformation of the fungus(More)
The effects of carrier DNAs on the transformation of the basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus were analyzed. When lambda phage DNA was added to a transformation mixture containing protoplasts and CbxR vector plasmid, an increased number of drug-resistant transformants was observed on a screening plate containing 2 microg carboxin/ml. The highest efficiency(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, we developed [methyl-(11)C]4'-thiothymidine ((11)C-4DST) as an in vivo cell proliferation marker. The present study was performed to determine the safety, distribution, radiation dosimetry, and initial brain tumor imaging of (11)C-4DST in humans. METHODS Multiorgan biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of (11)C-4DST were assessed in(More)