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Several cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors have been labeled with carbon-11 for visualizing binding sites on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by positron emission tomography (PET). Following intravenous injection of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9-[(11)C]methylaminoacridine or [(11)C]donepezil, however, the radioactivity distribution does not reflect the regional distribution(More)
Corticobasal syndrome, progressive supranuclear palsy and frontotemporal dementia are all part of a disease spectrum that includes common cognitive impairment and movement disorders. The aim of this study was to characterize brain cholinergic deficits in these disorders. We measured brain acetylcholinesterase activity by [11C] N-methylpiperidin-4-yl acetate(More)
CONTEXT Both neuropsychological and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have shown deficiencies in face perception in subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The fusiform gyrus has been regarded as the key structure in face perception. The cholinergic system is known to regulate the function of the visual pathway, including the fusiform(More)
BACKGROUND Microglial activation and disrupted neurotransmissions may herald symptomatic manifestations in neurodegenerative tauopathies. METHODS We investigated microglial activation with [(11)C]DAA1106 positron emission tomography (PET), striatal dopaminergic function with l-[beta-(11)C]dopa PET, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity with(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation of mononuclear cells (MNCs) has previously been tested as a method to induce therapeutic angiogenesis to treat limb ischemia in clinical trials. Non-invasive high resolution imaging is required to track the cells and evaluate clinical relevance after cell transplantation. The hypothesis that MRI can provide in vivo detection and(More)
To elucidate characteristic changes of brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in cerebellar degenerative disorders. Eight patients with the cerebellar variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-C), 7 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type-3 (SCA-3), 3 patients with SCA-6, and 13 healthy age-matched volunteers participated in this study. Brain AChE activity was(More)
We have developed a radiolabeled lipophilic acetylcholine analogue, N-[11C]methylpiperidin-4-yl acetate ([11C]MP4A) to measure brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity by positron emission tomography (PET) in vivo. Aiming to develop a new SPECT tracer similar to MP4A, we first proposed a simple method for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease (AD) using(More)
Imaging acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is valuable not only for diagnosing and understanding dementia but also for monitoring the effects of cholinesterase inhibitors used as antidementia drugs and for determining the appropriate clinical dosage of newly developed cholinesterase inhibitors. The distribution of AChE in the living brain can be imaged with two(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether amyloid deposition is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like cortical atrophy in Lewy body (LB) disease (LBD). Participants included 15 LBD with dementia patients (8 with dementia with Lewy bodies [DLB] and 7 with Parkinson's disease [PD] with dementia [PDD]), 13 AD patients, and 17 healthy controls.(More)
Long dynamic scans (60-120 min) are often required for estimating the k(3) value, an index of receptor density, by positron emission tomography (PET). However, the precision of k(3) is usually low in kinetic analyses for reversible PET ligands compared with irreversible ligands. That is largely due to unstable estimation of the dissociation rate constant,(More)