Toshiaki Furubayashi

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The aim of the present paper is to study effects of short and long duration transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the human motor cortex. In eight normal volunteers, motor evoked potentials (MEPs) induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous muscle, and tDCS was given with electrodes(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has emerged as a promising tool to induce plastic changes that are thought in some cases to reflect N-methyl-d-aspartate-sensitive changes in synaptic efficacy. As in animal experiments, there is some evidence that the sign of rTMS-induced plasticity depends on the prior history of cortical activity,(More)
We describe the psychophysical features of vocal amusia in a professional tango singer caused by an infarction mainly involving the superior temporal cortex of the right hemisphere. The lesion also extended to the supramarginal gyrus, the posterior aspect of the postcentral gyrus and the posterior insula. She presented with impairment of musical perception(More)
Electrical stimulation over the cerebellum is known to transiently suppress the contralateral motor cortex in humans. However, projections from the cerebellar nuclei to the primary motor cortex are disynaptic excitatory pathways through the ventral thalamus. In the present investigation we studied facilitatory effects on the motor cortical excitability(More)
OBJECTIVE Repetitive paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at I-wave periodicity has been shown to induce a motor-evoked potential (MEP) facilitation. We hypothesized that a greater enhancement of motor cortical excitability is provoked by increasing the number of pulses per train beyond those by paired-pulse stimulation (PPS). METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging studies investigating repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) mediated hemodynamic consequences revealed inconsistent results, mainly due to differences in rTMS parameters and technical difficulties with simultaneous recordings during rTMS. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS Quadri-pulse rTMS (QPS) induces bidirectional long-term(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present study, we studied effects of 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the left primary motor cortex (M1) on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS SPECT measurements were carried out under two experimental conditions: real and sham stimulation. In(More)
Motor cortical plasticity induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) sometimes depends on the prior history of neuronal activity. These effects of preceding stimulation on subsequent rTMS-induced plasticity have been suggested to share a similar mechanism to that of metaplasticity, a homeostatic regulation of synaptic plasticity. To(More)
Using near infrared spectroscopy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), we studied interhemispheric interactions between bilateral motor and sensory cortices in humans. RTMS consisted of a triple-pulse burst (50 Hz) repeated every 200 m for 2 s (10 bursts, 30 pulses); one kind of theta burst TMS (TBS) (Huang et al. in Neuron 45:201-206,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study differences in the long-term after-effect between high-frequency, monophasic and biphasic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). METHODS Ten hertz rTMS was delivered over the left primary motor cortex and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous muscle. To probe motor cortex(More)