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  • Steven A. Crone, Katharina A. Quinlan, Laskaro Zagoraiou, Steven Droho, Carlos Ernesto Restrepo, Line Lundfald +5 others
  • 2008
The initiation and coordination of activity in limb muscles are the main functions of neural circuits that control locomotion. Commissural neurons connect locomotor circuits on the two sides of the spinal cord, and represent the known neural substrate for left-right coordination. Here we demonstrate that a group of ipsilateral interneurons, V2a(More)
The superficial superior colliculus (sSC) is a key station in the sensory processing related to visual salience. The sSC receives cholinergic projections from the parabigeminal nucleus, and previous studies have revealed the presence of several different nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits in the sSC. In this study, to clarify the role of the(More)
The intermediate grey layer (the stratum griseum intermediale; SGI) of the superior colliculus (SC) receives cholinergic inputs from the parabrachial region of the brainstem. It has been shown that cholinergic inputs activate nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptors on projection neurons in the SGI. Therefore, it has been suggested that they facilitate the(More)
The ventral spinal cord consists of interneuron groups arising from distinct, genetically defined, progenitor domains along the dorsoventral axis. Many of these interneuron groups settle in the ventral spinal cord which, in mammals, contains the central pattern generator for locomotion. In order to better understand the locomotor networks, we have used(More)
Locomotion in mammals is to a large degree controlled directly by intrinsic spinal networks, called central pattern generators (CPGs). The overall function of these networks is governed by interaction between inhibitory and excitatory neurons. In the present review, we will discuss recent findings addressing the role of excitatory synaptic transmission for(More)
The rhythmic voltage oscillations in motor neurons (MNs) during locomotor movements reflect the operation of the pre-MN central pattern generator (CPG) network. Recordings from MNs can thus be used as a method to deduct the organization of CPGs. Here, we use continuous conductance measurements and decomposition methods to quantitatively assess the weighting(More)
Neural networks in the spinal cord control two basic features of locomotor movements: rhythm generation and pattern generation. Rhythm generation is generally considered to be dependent on glutamatergic excitatory neurons. Pattern generation involves neural circuits controlling left-right alternation, which has been described in great detail, and(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels that generate I(h) currents are widely distributed in the brain and have been shown to contribute to various neuronal functions. In the present study, we investigated the functions of I(h) in the motion-sensitive projection neurons [wide field vertical (WFV) cells] of the superior(More)