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BACKGROUND An approach consisting of elective cryopreservation of all embryos has been proposed for patients at risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Although elective cryopreservation can prevent pregnancy-induced late OHSS, it cannot prevent early OHSS. Early OHSS is reported to have been complicated with thromboembolism. The study was carried(More)
BACKGROUND The changes occurring in the rodent uterus after parturition can be used as a model of extensive tissue remodeling. As the uterus returns to its prepregnancy state, the involuting uterus undergoes a rapid reduction in size primarily due to the degradation of the extracellular matrix, particularly collagen. Membrane type-I matrix metalloproteinase(More)
Preeclampsia is often accompanied by hypoxia of the placenta and this condition induces apoptosis in trophoblastic cells. The aim of this study was to characterize global changes of apoptosis-related proteins induced by hypoxia in trophoblastic cells so as to clarify the mechanism of hypoxia-induced apoptosis by using the PoweBlot, an antibody-based Western(More)
BACKGROUND Zucker fatty (fa/fa) rats are a well-understood model of obesity and hyperinsulinemia. It is now thought that obesity/hyperinsulinemia is an important cause of endocrinological abnormality, but to date there have been no reports on the changes in ovarian morphology or the ovarian androgen profile in rat models of obesity and insulin resistance.(More)
STUDY QUESTION Does administration of androgen to female-to-male transsexual persons (FTMs) of reproductive age induce polycystic ovary (PCO) morphology? SUMMARY ANSWER Administration of high-dose androgen to women causes pathognomonic changes to the ovarian cortex and stroma that resemble Stein-Leventhal syndrome but it does not induce PCO morphology. (More)
BACKGROUND Intracellular folate hemostasis depends on the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Because 5,10-MTHFR 677TT homozygosity and tobacco smoking are associated with low folate status, we tested the hypothesis that smoking in mothers with 5,10-MTHFR C677T or A1298C polymorphisms would be independently associated with lower birth(More)
BACKGROUND Vaginal radical trachectomy (RT) ligates and cuts several arteries supplying the uterus. Changes of blood supply to the uterus in two patients who experienced pregnancy and delivery were studied by using 3-D CT scanning. Effects of changes of blood supply to the uterus on the pregnancy courses were also examined. METHODS Vascular distribution(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperandrogenism is the primary manifestation of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which appears to be caused by excess exposure to androgen. As such, androgenized animal models have been developed and investigated to study the etiology of PCOS. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is known to be associated with follicle growth, and its levels are two to(More)
CONTEXT Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-secreting pituitary adenoma is usually a nonfunctioning tumor, but in rare cases it may develop into ovarian hyperstimulation. Several reports have revealed that serum FSH levels are normal to slightly high in patients with combined FSH-secreting pituitary adenoma with ovarian hyperstimulation. This finding is(More)
This report presents an unusual case of Sertoli-stromal cell tumor and polycystic ovary syndrome successfully treated with weight reduction and an insulin-sensitizing agent. A 22-year-old woman, gravida 0, para 0, visited our hospital for the first time with a 12-year history of secondary amenorrhea and hypertrichosis. Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed(More)