Toshiaki Endo

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Recent studies indicate that insulin resistance resulting from altered post-receptor signaling is associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We hypothesized that insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) Gly972Arg polymorphism and/or ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) Lys121Gln polymorphism predisposes women to PCOS and that these(More)
Gap-junction plaques are often observed with tight-junction strands of vascular endothelial cells but the molecular interaction and functional relationships between these two junctions remain obscure. We herein show that gap-junction proteins connexin40 (Cx40) and Cx43 are colocalized and coprecipitated with tight-junction molecules occludin, claudin-5, and(More)
BACKGROUND Vaginal radical trachectomy (RT) ligates and cuts several arteries supplying the uterus. Changes of blood supply to the uterus in two patients who experienced pregnancy and delivery were studied by using 3-D CT scanning. Effects of changes of blood supply to the uterus on the pregnancy courses were also examined. METHODS Vascular distribution(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy in a woman with hypopituitarism from a suprasellar germinoma is rare. CASE A 27-year-old woman presented with panhypopituitarism from a suprasellar germinoma. She had diabetes insipidus, hypothyroidism, adrenal cortex dysfunction, and hypogonadotropic ovarian failure. When treated with thyroxin, cortisol, antidiuretic hormone, human(More)
OBJECTIVE Using hyperstimulated rats, to elucidate the mechanisms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) treatment to prevent early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). DESIGN Descriptive study of hyperstimulated rats as an early OHSS model with Western blot analysis, Northern blot hybridization, and vascular permeability assay. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to evaluate the anti-invasive effect of MMI-166, a new matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor in cervical carcinoma cell lines. METHODS We analyzed the invasive activities of cervical carcinoma cell lines (CAC-1, CaSki, and SiHa) and the gene expression of various matrix proteinases (matrix metalloproteinase-1(More)
BAG3 (BCL2-associated athanogene 3) is a member of the BAG family proteins, which interact with and regulate Hsp70. Our aim in the present study was to correlate BAG3 expression in ovarian cancer with invasion and progression-free survival. We found that BAG3 interacts with MMP2 in cultured ovarian cancer cells, and that knockdown of BAG3 expression(More)
Recently, serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) has been used as a good marker of ovarian response during in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, in the clinical setting, we felt that ovarian response was clearly different by age with the same AMH level. Then in this study we evaluated the relationship between serum AMH, age and parameters related to ovarian(More)
AIM MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is associated with invasion and metastasis of various cancers. The trophoblastic cells of placenta accreta invade into the myometrium in a similar way to the invasion of cancers. We studied the roles of miR-34a in the pathogenesis of placenta accreta. METHODS The human choriocarcinoma cell line JAR was used for in vitro(More)