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Current knowledge of infant feeding and weaning practices during the Roman period in Egypt is limited to scanty documentary and iconographic evidence. Stable nitrogen and carbon isotope analysis provides another avenue to explore this question. A sample of 49 infant and juvenile human skeletal remains from the Kellis 2 cemetery in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt,(More)
There is a gap in the literature concerning the chemical effects that household products may produce on human remains. The present study examines the effects of household chemical products on teeth. A total of eight chemicals were utilized for this experiment. The corrosive chemical categories include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, and(More)
This article explores size differences related to sex in the hyoid bones from the Robert J. Terry Anatomical Collection. A series of measurements were taken from 398 hyoids, both fused and unfused. The inclusion of unfused hyoids in the study provides the opportunity to investigate previously unknown size differences between sexes as well as to determine(More)
Studies of infant feeding and weaning patterns in past populations that rely on a cross-sectional approach must make the assumption that no infant mortality bias exists. Previous investigations of infant weaning patterns at the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, relied on cross-sectional isotope data. In this study, we re-examine this weaning pattern, using a simulated(More)
The location of the neonatal line in 173 primary teeth from 43 children was investigated and shown to differ significantly among pre-term, term, and post-term births. Approximately 75% of the neonatal lines that lie beyond 2SD of the mean location of the line in term births are from children born outside of 38 to 42 weeks gestation. The duration of(More)
During the past century, several aging methods based on pubic symphysis morphology have been introduced. Many of these methods represent modifications of the original method described by Todd (1920). Recently, Hoppa (2000) has explored some of the problems and challenges associated with using modern reference samples to estimate the pattern and rate of age(More)
OBJECTIVES Historical evidence has provided information regarding disease and mortality in Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Army, but dietary information beyond individual soldier accounts remains scarce. The purpose of this research is to reconstruct the diets of Napoleon's multiethnic army who were associated with the Russian Campaign of 1812. MATERIALS AND(More)
Since the 1950s, tetracycline (TC) administration has been used to create fluorescent 'labels' in bone for histomorphometric analysis. Similar fluorescence discovered in ancient human bone from Egypt and Sudan has been attributed to bacterially contaminated food-stores. It has been suggested that TC from this source could have affected the health of exposed(More)
Learning Objective: To present results of ongoing research attempting to quantify the age-related skeletal changes that occur to human pubic symphyses. Abstract Forensic anthropology traditionally relies on 2-dimensional (2D) techniques to analyze the complex 3-dimensional (3D) shape of human bones. Standard osteometric equipment includes sliding calipers,(More)