Toru Yoshimura

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Muscle insulin resistance is a key feature of obesity and type 2 diabetes and is strongly associated with increased intramyocellular lipid content and inflammation. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for causing muscle insulin resistance in humans are still unclear. To address this question, we performed serial muscle biopsies in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To investigate whether eradication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) by interferon (IFN) therapy influences systemic glucose metabolism. METHODS Seventy-two patients with chronic hepatitis C were enrolled in this study. Patients received IFN therapy and were classified into two groups: sustained responders (n=48) and nonsustained responders(More)
Several mechanisms, such as innate immune responses via Toll-like receptor-4, accumulation of diacylglycerols (DAG)/ceramides, and activation of protein kinase C (PKC), are considered to underlie skeletal muscle insulin resistance. In this study, we examined initial events occurring during the onset of insulin resistance upon oral high-fat loading compared(More)
Comparative gene identification 58 (CGI-58) is a lipid droplet-associated protein that promotes the hydrolysis of triglyceride by activating adipose triglyceride lipase. Loss-of-function mutations in CGI-58 in humans lead to Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome, a condition in which triglyceride accumulates in various tissues, including the skin, liver, muscle, and(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of lower-limb amputation. We enrolled 250 type 2 diabetic patients without apparent occlusive peripheral arterial disease (ankle-brachial indices >0.9) and 40 age-matched nondiabetic subjects consecutively admitted to our hospital. Flow volume and resistive index (RI), an index of vascular resistance, at the popliteal(More)
BACKGROUND Pro-gastrin releasing peptide (ProGRP) concentrations in blood play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). The automated quantitative ARCHITECT ProGRP assay was developed to aid in the differential diagnosis and in the management of SCLC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
Growth factors and extracellular matrices cooperatively regulate cellular behavior. However, the interactions between transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and integrins in hepatic cells are not fully understood. We investigated the effects of beta 1-integrin on TGF-beta 1-regulated growth of hepatoma cells. Human hepatoma cell lines HepG2, Huh7,(More)
UNLABELLED Genome-wide array studies have associated the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3) gene polymorphisms with hepatic steatosis. However, it is unclear whether PNPLA3 functions as a lipase or a lipogenic enzyme and whether PNPLA3 is involved in the pathogenesis of hepatic insulin resistance. To address these questions we treated(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) regulates endothelial function and is believed to prevent atherogenesis. In endothelial cells, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is expressed constitutively, and regulates NO synthesis. A mutation of the eNOS gene has been associated with the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The development of CAD is also influenced by(More)