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BACKGROUND alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in serum are widely used as tumor markers in the evaluation of prognosis and management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and prostate cancer, respectively. To establish the molecular diagnosis of cancer, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for AFP and PSA(More)
PURPOSE In some pheochromocytomas, the tumors contain and secrete greater amounts of adrenaline than do normal adrenal medullas. It is not yet known how adrenaline synthesis is enhanced in the adrenaline-secreting pheochromocytomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS As a first step toward understanding the molecular mechanisms by which adrenaline synthesis is(More)
BACKGROUND Ras oncogene mutations have been found in many human cancers; however, pancreatic endocrine tumors have rarely been studied. The purpose of this study was to analyze ras mutations in pancreatic endocrine tumors and to compare these results with the incidence of ras mutations in pancreatic exocrine cancers studied in our laboratory. METHODS Ras(More)
Many advances have occurred in recent years in the diagnosis, localization, and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism. Several different operative choices for primary hyperparathyroidism also have been proposed--a unilateral approach versus the standard bilateral parathyroid exploration. The unilateral approach is based on the concept that if an enlarged(More)
The postnatal development of gap junction formation and cell-to-cell communication were investigated in male rats from 10 through 40 days of age. These junctions initially appeared between adjacent folliculo-stellate cells on day 20. Their numbers increased until the animals reached the age of 40 days, when their frequency reached a level that resembled(More)
The human ST2 gene has been known to encode three splice variants; namely, a soluble secreted form of ST2, a transmembrane form of ST2L, and ST2V of undetermined localization. Therefore, analysis of tissue distribution and subcellular localization of ST2V is important to elucidate functional relationships among the three splice variants of the human ST2(More)
A case of thyroid papillary carcinoma associated with dyshormonogenetic goiter is reported. The patient, a 35-year-old male, has been on thyroid hormone therapy since the age of three because of familial dyshormonogenetic goiter. He developed a distinct tumor in the right lobe, which was suggestive of carcinoma upon physical as well as ultrasonographic(More)
Fine structural criteria for identifying thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) cells in immature and mature rats have been studied by a modified superimposition technique. On days 10 and 20, some small oval immature TSH cells are scattered individually throughout the glandular tissue with a peripheral immunoreactive rim resulting from the sparse distribution of(More)
Aggressive radical resection was performed on 18 of 21 elderly patients with locally invasive-papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. Diagnostic studies, including computed tomographic and endoscopic examinations, were useful in allowing accurate determination of tumor extent. Radical resection usually consisted of total or subtotal thyroidectomy and neck(More)