Nozomi Hishikawa22
Kentaro Deguchi22
Yasuyuki Ohta20
22Nozomi Hishikawa
22Kentaro Deguchi
20Yasuyuki Ohta
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The subventricular zone (SVZ) is the largest germinal zone in the mature rodent brain, and it continuously produces young neurons that migrate to the olfactory bulb. Neural stem cells in this region generate migratory neuroblasts via highly proliferative transit-amplifying cells. The Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway partially regulates the proliferation(More)
Recent studies have revealed that the adult mammalian brain has the capacity to regenerate some neurons after various insults. However, the precise mechanism of insult-induced neurogenesis has not been demonstrated. In the normal brain, GFAP-expressing cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles include a neurogenic cell population that(More)
Directed conversion of mature human cells, as from fibroblasts to neurons, is of potential clinical utility for neurological disease modeling as well as cell therapeutics. Here, we describe the efficient generation of human-induced neuronal (hiN) cells from adult skin fibroblasts of unaffected individuals and Alzheimer's patients, using virally transduced(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs/NPCs) give rise to neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. It has become apparent that intracellular epigenetic modification including DNA methylation, in concert with extracellular cues such as cytokine signaling, is deeply involved in fate specification of NSCs/NPCs by defining cell-type specific gene expression.(More)
In the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult mammalian brain, neural stem cells continually produce transit-amplifying precursors, which generate neuroblasts migrating into the olfactory bulb. Previous studies have suggested that SVZ cells also have the capacity to generate some striatal neurons after cerebral ischemia. The infusion of epidermal growth(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) are strong neurotrophic factors. However, their potentials in neurogenesis, angiogenesis, synaptogenesis, and antifibrosis have not been compared. Therefore, we investigated these effects of HGF and GDNF in cerebral ischemia in the rat. Wistar rats were subjected to 90 min(More)
Recent stem cell technology provides a strong therapeutic potential not only for acute ischemic stroke but also for chronic progressive neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with neuroregenerative neural cell replenishment and replacement. In addition to resident neural stem cell(More)
α-Synuclein is implicated both in physiological functions at neuronal synaptic terminals as well as in pathological processes in the context of Parkinson's disease. However, the molecular mechanisms for these apparently diverse roles are unclear. Here we show that specific RNA transcript isoforms of α-synuclein with an extended 3' untranslated region,(More)
Mitochondria dynamically change their shape through frequent fusion and fission to continuously perform their function in the cell. Although a change in mitochondrial morphology was reported in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), detailed changes of mitochondrial fusion and fission proteins have not been reported in ALS model mice. In transgenic (Tg) mice(More)
It is very important to investigate the mechanism of axonal growth in the ischemic brain in order to consider a novel mean of therapy for stroke. Netrins are chemotropic factors for axon with chemoattractant or chemorepellant guidance activities, and deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and neogenin are receptors for netrins. In this study, we examined(More)