Toru Urano

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Noroviruses cause most cases of acute viral gastroenteritis worldwide. The lack of a cell culture infection model for human norovirus necessitates the use of molecular methods and/or viral surrogate models amenable to cell culture to predict norovirus inactivation. Murine norovirus (MNV) may be used to construct a small animal model for studying the biology(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical use of a newly-developed disposable lid speculum with a drape. METHODS LiDrape® is a cylindrical device that consists of two flexible rings of polyacetal resin with a transparent elastic silicone sheet attached to the rings. The novel device holds the eyelids between the rings, and a hole in the center of the device(More)
PURPOSE To compare the degree of surgical-field contamination in cataract surgeries between a new draping method using a lid speculum with a drape (LiDrape(®)) and a conventional draping method. METHODS Cataract surgery was performed on 21 eyes using LiDrape(®) (LiDrape(®) group) and on 22 eyes using a conventional draping method (conventional group).(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness with scanning laser polarimetry in patients with optic neuritis (ON) caused by multiple sclerosis. METHODS Peripapillary RNFL thickness was measured with a GDx VCC in 14 eyes of 13 patients with ON (nonrecurrent group), in 18 eyes of 11 patients with recurrent ON (recurrent(More)
We report a case of unilateral tonic pupil in spinocerebellar ataxia without brainstem atrophy in a 42-year-old man. On neurological examination, he showed cerebellar symptoms and unilateral tonic pupil. Deep tendon reflexes were normal except for brisk patellar tendon reflexes. Brain MRI demonstrated cerebellar atrophy only. There was neither orthostatic(More)
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