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— This paper proposes a CMOS bandgap reference (BGR) circuit, which can successfully operate with sub-1-V supply. In the conventional BGR circuit, the output voltage V ref V ref V ref is the sum of the built-in voltage of the diode V f V f V f and the thermal voltage V T V T V T of kT=q kT=q kT=q multiplied by a constant. Therefore, V ref V ref V ref is(More)
—Focusing on internal high-voltage () switching and generation for low-voltage NAND flash memories, this paper describes a switch, row decoder, and charge-pump circuit. The proposed nMOS switch is composed of only intrinsic high-voltage transistors without channel implantation, which realizes both reduction of the minimum operating voltage and elimination(More)