Toru Takekawa

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The aim of this study was to assess the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection with home-based functional training for passive and active motor function, over a 6-month period in post-stroke patients with upper limb spasticity. We studied 190 patients with at least 6-month history of stroke. They received injections of BoNT-A in upper limb(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Few studies have explored the refinement of asymmetry in regional cerebral blood flow in relation to behavioral improvement after treatment. The purpose of this retrospective pilot study was to identify cerebral cortical regions with improved perfusion that correlated with improvement of upper limb motor function after repetitive(More)
Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) has been reported to be an effective treatment for limb spasticity after stroke. However, the reduction in the spasticity after BoNT-A injection alone does not ensure an improvement in the active motor function of the affected limb. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical effects of a BoNT-A injection, followed by(More)
Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) applied to the non-lesional hemisphere is reported to significantly improve motor function of the affected upper limb in adult stroke patients with hemiparesis. For pediatric stroke patients, the beneficial effects of LF-rTMS have been already confirmed in a randomized controlled study.(More)
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