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We investigated the relationships between tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene polymorphism, circulating TNF-alpha (TNF-α) concentrations, and bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine. TNF gene polymorphisms studied were the Nco I polymorphism within the first intron of TNF-beta (TNF-β) and three single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible roles of PvuII and XbaI polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor alpha (ER(alpha)) in bone mineral density (BMD), vertebral fracture, bone loss rate after menopause and response to hormone replacement therapy (HRT). METHODS All 286 women were grouped according to the genotypes of(More)
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is a rare condition presenting with enlarged, multicystic placenta like molar changes. Although PMD usually features a normal fetus and the pregnancy often extends into the third trimester, PMD is clinically significant lesion with high rates of FGR, IUFD, and is associated with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS). We(More)
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