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The induction of phase 2 detoxifying enzymes, such as UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), in response to an array of naturally occurring and synthetic agents, such as oltipraz (4-methyl-5-[2-pyrazinyl]-1,2-dithiole-3-thione), provides an effective means of protection against a variety of carcinogens. Transcription factor Nrf2 is an essential regulator of(More)
To detect circulating RCC cells, we established a nested RT-PCR system for cadherin-6 mRNA, which is specifically expressed in RCC. A total of 121 samples of peripheral blood (34 healthy volunteers and 87 patients with RCC) were analyzed in this study. Total RNA of the monocyte fraction of the blood was extracted, then nested RT-PCR using specific primers(More)
BACKGROUND Combination chemotherapy of methotrexate, actinomycin D and cisplatin (MAP) is reported to be effective against gestational choriocarcinoma. METHODS Eight patients with metastatic testicular cancer who had elevated beta-hCG were treated with MAP. They included three refractory cases and two relapsed cases. An additional three patients received(More)
Nuclear factor-erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor that regulates inducible expression of detoxifying enzymes, is critical in preventing N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine (BBN)-induced urinary bladder carcinogenesis. To explore whether Nrf2 and the tumor suppressor p53 cooperatively act in tumor prevention, we investigated(More)
One of the most critical issues in prostate cancer clinic is emerging hormone-refractory prostate cancers (HRPCs) and their management. Prostate cancer is usually androgen dependent and responds well to androgen ablation therapy. However, at a certain stage, they eventually acquire androgen-independent and more aggressive phenotype and show poor response to(More)
BACKGROUND Elastography is a diagnostic imaging technique that evaluates the hardness of a lesion. It is expected to become a new diagnostic modality for prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of elastography in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. METHODS A total of 29 patients with untreated, histologically proven prostate(More)
BACKGROUND Enoxaparin sodium (enoxaparin) is used worldwide for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Registration trials of enoxaparin have been conducted primarily in Caucasian populations, and its preventive use in Japanese patients has yet to be established. To address this, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of postoperative enoxaparin in(More)
Down-regulation of carcinogen detoxifying enzymes might be a critical factor in tumour formation by increasing the carcinogen concentration in the target organ. Previous reports revealed that the expression of UGT1A mRNA is either lost or decreased in certain human cancer tissues, including urinary bladder cancer. To elucidate this down-regulation(More)
We are investigating the hypothesis that cancer progression involves the formation of abnormal cadherin-catenin complexes. The detailed analysis of cadherins and catenins expressed in a panel of 17 human bladder-cancer cell lines revealed that E-cadherin was down-regulated at the mRNA level in 5 cell lines. Interestingly, plakoglobin was also down-regulated(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the risk of intravesical recurrence in patients with primary urothelial cancer of the upper urinary tract. METHODS Ninety patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy for clinically localized urothelial cancer of the upper urinary tract were initially considered. Those with a previous and/or concomitant history of bladder(More)