Toru Shimazui

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The induction of phase 2 detoxifying enzymes, such as UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), in response to an array of naturally occurring and synthetic agents, such as oltipraz (4-methyl-5-[2-pyrazinyl]-1,2-dithiole-3-thione), provides an effective means of protection against a variety of carcinogens. Transcription factor Nrf2 is an essential regulator of(More)
OBJECTIVES The antitumor effect of bee honey against bladder cancer was examined in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Three human bladder cancer cell lines (T24, 253J and RT4) and one murine bladder cancer cell line (MBT-2) were used in these experiments. In an in vitro study, the antitumor activity was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl(More)
Loss of E-cadherin-mediated adhesion is an important step in the progression of many carcinomas. In model systems, it has been shown that cadherin function requires not only proper E-cadherin expression but also its linkage to the cytoskeleton through catenins. Hence, defects in catenins may cause defective E-cadherin function, and catenins as well as(More)
One of the most critical issues in prostate cancer clinic is emerging hormone-refractory prostate cancers (HRPCs) and their management. Prostate cancer is usually androgen dependent and responds well to androgen ablation therapy. However, at a certain stage, they eventually acquire androgen-independent and more aggressive phenotype and show poor response to(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway is involved in normal embryonic development and controls the homeostatic self-renewal of stem cells in adult tissues. Constitutive activation of Wnt signaling contributes to cancer development and progression. We identified a CXXC4 homozygous deletion at 4q24 in an aggressive renal cell carcinoma (RCC) using single-nucleotide(More)
A 55-year-old woman had a right renal tumor incidentally diagnosed by ultrasonography. CT revealed a perirenal low density mass 3 cm in diameter. Dynamic CT showed peripheral enhancement of the tumor in early phase and internal homogeneous enhancement in delayed phase. Since hemangioma was considered most likely, we performed tumor resection and spared the(More)
Nuclear factor-erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor that regulates inducible expression of detoxifying enzymes, is critical in preventing N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine (BBN)-induced urinary bladder carcinogenesis. To explore whether Nrf2 and the tumor suppressor p53 cooperatively act in tumor prevention, we investigated(More)
Down-regulation of carcinogen detoxifying enzymes might be a critical factor in tumour formation by increasing the carcinogen concentration in the target organ. Previous reports revealed that the expression of UGT1A mRNA is either lost or decreased in certain human cancer tissues, including urinary bladder cancer. To elucidate this down-regulation(More)
PURPOSE It has been shown in many carcinomas that the proliferation rate and number of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNOR) are associated with tumor aggressiveness. However, in bladder tumor the significance of the correlation between the number of AgNOR and tumor behavior remains controversial. Therefore, it would be helpful if a new technique(More)
An alpha-fetoprotein-producing transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis is extremely rare. To our knowledge, this has not been reported previously. We present the first case of an alpha-fetoprotein-producing transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis in a 70-year-old female.