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We performed threefold shotgun sequencing of the silkworm (Bombyx mori) genome to obtain a draft sequence and establish a basic resource for comprehensive genome analysis. By using the newly developed RAMEN assembler, the sequence data derived from whole-genome shotgun (WGS) sequencing were assembled into 49,345 scaffolds that span a total length of 514 Mb(More)
We review progress in applying molecular genetic and genomic technologies to studies in the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, highlighting its use as a model for Lepidoptera, and in sericulture and biotechnology. Dense molecular linkage maps are being integrated with classical linkage maps for positional cloning and marker-assisted selection. Classical(More)
To build a foundation for the complete genome analysis of Bombyx mori, we have constructed an EST database. Because gene expression patterns deeply depend on tissues as well as developmental stages, we analyzed many cDNA libraries prepared from various tissues and different developmental stages to cover the entire set of Bombyx genes. So far, the Bombyx EST(More)
In insects, the sex is determined completely by genetic mechanisms, which at least in somatic tissues, are cell autonomous. The sex of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, is strongly controlled by the presence of the W chromosome. Genetic studies using translocations and deletions of W suggested that a presumptive feminizing gene (Fem) is located in a limited region(More)
Many strains of Bombyx mori carry chromosomal aberrations, and they are useful resources for integration between phenotypes and genomic sequences. We compared the molecular structures of three kinds of Z chromosomes, i.e., two strains with chromosome deletions and one strain with translocation involving the Z chromosome. Using polymerase chain reaction(More)
The Bombyx mori homolog of doublesex, Bmdsx, plays an essential role in silkworm sexual development. Exons 3 and 4 of Bmdsx pre-mRNA are specifically excluded in males. To explore how this occurs, we developed a novel in vivo sex-specific splicing assay system using sexually differentiated cultured cells. A series of mutation analyses using a Bmdsx minigene(More)
The silkworm Bombyx mori uses a WZ sex determination system that is analogous to the one found in birds and some reptiles. In this system, males have two Z sex chromosomes, whereas females have Z and W sex chromosomes. The silkworm W chromosome has a dominant role in female determination, suggesting the existence of a dominant feminizing gene in this(More)
We have previously reported that Bmdsx, a homologue of the sex-determining gene doublesex ( dsx), was sex-specifically expressed in various tissues of the silkworm. The primary transcript of Bmdsx is alternatively spliced in males and females to yield sex-specific mRNAs that encode male-specific (BmDSXM) and female-specific (BmDSXF) polypeptides. In the(More)
We have cloned and characterized a novel chitinase gene (BmChi-h) from the silkworm, Bombyx mori. BmChi-h cDNA has an open reading frame of 1,665 nucleotides, encoding a protein of 555 amino acid residues. The predicted protein shared extensive similarities with bacterial and baculovirus chitinases in both amino acid sequences (73% identity with Serratia(More)
All lepidopteran baculovirus genomes sequenced to date encode a viral fibroblast growth factor homolog (vfgf), suggesting that vfgf may play an important role in the infection cycle of lepidopteran baculoviruses. Here, we describe the characterization of a Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) mutant lacking functional vfgf. We constructed a vfgf(More)