Toru Ogasawara

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We report on a patient who developed primary position upbeat nystagmus (ppUBN) due to a unilateral medial medullary infarction. On oculography, the slow phases of the nystagmus sometimes had an exponentially decreasing velocity waveform, indicating that the nystagmus was due to impairment of the vertical position-to-velocity neural integrator. On magnetic(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a mental rotation task that required subjects to determine whether two stimuli presented in turn had the same shape regardless of any difference in orientation. This task consisted of two conditions: the control condition, when the two stimuli presented were identical, requiring only recognition, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Although transition from proliferation to hypertrophic differentiation of chondrocytes is a crucial step for endochondral ossification in physiological skeletal growth and pathological disorders like osteoarthritis, the underlying mechanism remains an enigma. This study investigated the role of the transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding(More)
Hedgehog (Hh)-Patched1 (Ptch1) signaling plays essential roles in various developmental processes, but little is known about its role in postnatal homeostasis. Here, we demonstrate regulation of postnatal bone homeostasis by Hh-Ptch1 signaling. Ptch1-deficient (Ptch1+/-) mice and patients with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome showed high bone mass in(More)
Behavioural changes in rats two weeks after inescapable shock stress were studied using a shuttle-box task (active avoidance/escape). Rats exposed to inescapable shock stress two weeks beforehand showed more frequent avoidance responses and greater within-group variation in both avoidance response and general activity during the test than rats in a control(More)
The effects of a TRH-analog, N[[(3R,6R)-6-methyl-5-oxo-3-thiomorpholinyl]carbonyl]-L-histidyl-L - prolinamide tetrahydrate (NS-3, CG3703, montirelin hydrate) were compared with those of physostigmine on learning and memory disruption in the passive avoidance response (PAR) induced by either electrolytic lesion of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) or(More)
The membrane potential was about --50mV, and the spontaneous membrane activity was composed of an irregular discharge of action potentials in the longitudinal muscle of the ovariectomized rat uterus. The membrane potential was increased slightly, and repetitive spike potentials were generated on a plateau potential in uteri of ovariectomized rats injected(More)
We immunized five different strains of mice with the recombinant human PCD17 protein, which is recognized by anti-Purkinje cell antibodies in the sera of patients with paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration, and explored whether or not antibodies against cerebellar Purkinje cells could be induced in vivo. Autoantibodies against the cytoplasmic protein of(More)
A rare case of neurinoma in a 72 year-old Japanese woman derived from the hypoglossal nerve is reported. The tumour was composed of three interconnected nodules occurring simultaneously in the left submandibular and sublingual regions. The lesion, which presented as a neck mass, caused a slight left-sided hemiparesis of the tongue with tongue deviation to(More)