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Forty-six children with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome were randomly allocated to receive two different prednisolone regimens for initial therapy. Twenty-nine children (group 1) received an intermittent regimen (60 mg/m2/day for 4 weeks, followed by 40/mg/m2/day on 3 days a week for 4 weeks); 17 children (group 2) had a long-term regimen (60(More)
In infancy, the kidney by itself is immature and the body fluid composition is extremely different from that in adults. Further more, there are various renal diseases in children with characteristics different from those in adults. Thus in childhood, consideration for aging is critical for evaluation of renal function, and diagnosis of the disease.(More)
Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and plasma procoagulant activities were studied in 38 children with nephrotic syndrome in the presence or absence of prednisolone therapy. PT was normal but APTT was prolonged during relapse in untreated patients. Increased factors V, VII, VIII, XI and XIII in both treated and untreated and(More)
The effect of dipyridamole on proteinuria was studied in 60 children with various renal diseases. A significant decrease in 24-hour urine protein excretion was observed within a few months after treatment in 32 (53%) of the patients with minimal or moderate mesangial proliferation. The effect was reproducible and parallelled by a reduction in plasma levels(More)
Piperacillin sodium (PIPC) is a semisynthetic penicillin displaying high antibacterial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas sp., Proteus sp., etc. It acts bactericidally and is stable against beta-lactamases. The usefulness of PIPC in the treatment of infections in mature and premature neonates was investigated(More)
Twenty-four-hour urine kallikrein excretion (Uka), urine protein excretion, renal sodium handling, and the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system were serially studied in 11 children at three different stages of the minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS)-edema forming state, proteinuric steady state in which a relapse of the disease was just(More)
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