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The N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors play critical roles in synaptic plasticity, neuronal development, and excitotoxicity. Tyrosine phosphorylation of NMDA receptors by Src-family tyrosine kinases such as Fyn is implicated in synaptic plasticity. To precisely address the roles of NMDA receptor tyrosine phosphorylation, we identified Fyn-mediated(More)
The optic nerve, like most mature CNS pathways, does not regenerate after injury. Through unknown mechanisms, however, macrophage activation in the eye stimulates retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to regenerate long axons beyond the site of optic nerve injury. Here we identify the calcium (Ca(2+))-binding protein oncomodulin as a potent macrophage-derived(More)
Although alterations in CD3-associated signal-transducing molecules in tumor-infiltrating T cells of patients with advanced cancer have been previously described, the mechanism behind these changes is not known. We demonstrate that macrophages isolated from metastatic lymph nodes of patients with malignant melanoma down-regulate levels of CD3 zeta in(More)
Pseudomonas cepacia CSV90 is able to utilize 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D) and 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetate as sole sources of carbon and energy. Mutants of the strain CSV90 which had lost this ability appeared spontaneously on a nonselective medium. The wild-type strain harbored a 90-kb plasmid, pMAB1, whereas 2,4-D-negative mutants either lost the(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a widespread pathogen of humans causing pneumonia and bronchitis. There are many reports of an association between C.PNEUMONIAE: infection and atherosclerosis. We determined the whole genome sequence of C.PNEUMONIAE: strain J138 isolated in Japan in 1994 and compared it with the sequence of strain CWL029 isolated in the USA before(More)
Benzoate-grown cells of Pseudomonas putida(arvilla) mt-2 contain both metapyrocatechase and pyrocatechase activities, although the former activity is much higher than that of the latter. A spontaneous mutant deficient in metapyrocatechase and 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde hydrolyase, the first two enzymes in the meta-cleavage pathway of the ring of(More)
We previously identified two hypervariable regions [HVR1 (27 amino acids) and HVR2 (7 amino acids)] in the putative envelope glycoprotein (gp70) by comparison of the amino acid sequences of many isolates of the HCV-II genotype. To understand the functional features of these HVRs, using the polymerase chain reaction we analyzed the rate of actual sequence(More)
Catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (pyrocatechase) has been purified to homogeneity from Pseudomonas putida mt-2. Most properties of this enzyme, such as the absorption spectrum, iron content, pH stability, pH optimum, substrate specificity, Km values, and amino acid composition, were similar to those of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase obtained from Pseudomonas arvilla C-1(More)
Farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) synthase catalyzes consecutive condensations of isopentenyl diphosphate with allylic substrates to give FPP, C-15 compound, as a final product and does not catalyze a condensation beyond FPP. Recently, it was observed that, in Bacillus stearothermophilus FPP synthase, a replacement of tyrosine with histidine at position 81, which(More)