Toru Nakatsu

Learn More
Gibberellins (GAs) are phytohormones essential for many developmental processes in plants. A nuclear GA receptor, GIBBERELLIN INSENSITIVE DWARF1 (GID1), has a primary structure similar to that of the hormone-sensitive lipases (HSLs). Here we analyse the crystal structure of Oryza sativa GID1 (OsGID1) bound with GA(4) and GA(3) at 1.9 A resolution. The(More)
Crystal structures of endopolygalacturonase from Stereum purpureum were solved in native and two galacturonic acid complex states at atomic resolution. Endopolygalacturonase catalyzes the hydrolysis of alpha-1,4-glycosidic linkage of polygalacturonate in pectin. The native structure was determined by the multiple wavelength anomalous dispersion method and(More)
PsbP is a membrane-extrinsic subunit of the water-oxidizing complex photosystem II (PS II). The evolutionary origin of PsbP has long been a mystery because it specifically exists in higher plants and green algae but not in cyanobacteria. We report here the crystal structure of PsbP from Nicotiana tabacum at a resolution of 1.6 A. Its structure is mainly(More)
The crystal structure of tobacco PR-5d, an antifungal thaumatin-like protein isolated from cultured tobacco cells, was determined at the resolution of 1.8 A. The structure consists of 208 amino acid residues and 89 water molecules with a crystallographic R-factor of 0.169. The model has good stereochemistry, with respective root-mean-square deviations from(More)
A pair of tropinone reductases (TRs) share 64% of the same amino acid residues and belong to the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family. In the synthesis of tropane alkaloids in several medicinal plants, the TRs reduce a carbonyl group of an alkaloid intermediate, tropinone, to hydroxy groups with different diastereomeric configurations. To clarify the(More)
Fireflies communicate with each other by emitting yellow-green to yellow-orange brilliant light. The bioluminescence reaction, which uses luciferin, Mg-ATP and molecular oxygen to yield an electronically excited oxyluciferin species, is carried out by the enzyme luciferase. Visible light is emitted during relaxation of excited oxyluciferin to its ground(More)
The crystal structure of E. coli asparagine synthetase has been determined by X-ray diffraction analysis at 2.5 A resolution. The overall structure of the enzyme is remarkably similar to that of the catalytic domain of yeast aspartyl-tRNA synthetase despite low sequence similarity. These enzymes have a common reaction mechanism that implies the formation of(More)
The calmodulin-binding domain of myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS), which interacts with various targets including calmodulin, actin and membrane lipids, has been suggested to function as a crosstalk point among several signal transduction pathways. We present here the crystal structure at 2 A resolution of a peptide consisting of the(More)
P-glycoprotein is an ATP-binding cassette multidrug transporter that actively transports chemically diverse substrates across the lipid bilayer. The precise molecular mechanism underlying transport is not fully understood. Here, we present crystal structures of a eukaryotic P-glycoprotein homolog, CmABCB1 from Cyanidioschyzon merolae, in two forms: unbound(More)
Appropriate targeting of matrix proteins to peroxisomes is mainly directed by two types of peroxisomal targeting signals, PTS1 and PTS2. Although the basis of PTS1 recognition has been revealed by structural studies, that of PTS2 recognition remains elusive. Here we present the crystal structure of a heterotrimeric PTS2-recognition complex from(More)