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To identify production sites and action targets of neurotrophins during neurogenesis, we investigated immunoreactivities of neurotrophins and their tyrosine kinase receptors in the cerebral cortex of rat embryos. Two sets of ligand-receptor systems, brain-derived neurotrophic factor/TrkB and neurotrophin-3/TrkC, were expressed simultaneously in(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) plays pathologic roles in immune-inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Castleman disease. By inhibiting IL-6 receptors (IL-6Rs), tocilizumab (a humanized anti-IL-6R antibody) ameliorates the symptoms of these diseases and normalizes acute-phase proteins, including C-reactive protein (CRP). We found that tocilizumab(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The safe performance of percutaneous transluminal cerebral angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerotic lesions requires that the risk of complications, such as acute occlusion or symptomatic dissection, and restenosis be reduced. Our purpose was to assess the effectiveness, safety, and short-term arteriographic and clinical outcome(More)
UNLABELLED We showed that CD9, a member of tetraspanin superfamily proteins, is expressed in a specific membrane microdomain, called "lipid raft," and is crucial for cell fusion during osteoclastogenesis after activation of the RANK/RANKL system. INTRODUCTION Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing multinuclear polykaryons that are essential for bone remodeling(More)
We have identified the genes whose expressions are augmented in the blood cells of the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using the 'stepwise subtraction' technique along with microarray analysis. The expression levels of these genes were assessed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 31 SLE(More)
OBJECTIVES Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) is a rheumatic disease in childhood characterised by systemic symptoms and a relatively poor prognosis. Peripheral leukocytes are thought to play a pathological role in sJIA although the exact cause of the disease is still obscure. In this study, we aimed to clarify cellular functional abnormalities(More)
We evaluated the diagnostic value of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide 2 (anti-CCP2) antibodies and other potential diagnostic biomarkers (IgM rheumatoid factor, anti-agalactosyl IgG antibodies, matrix metalloproteinase 3, C-reactive protein) for predicting early development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients were defined as having recent-onset(More)
The indications for shunt operation in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus accompanied by brain atrophy (atypical idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: AINPH) were investigated in 25 patients who satisfied the diagnostic criteria and underwent ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting. All patients had no apparent history of intra- or(More)
Doxorubicin, a potent anticancer drug, is effective against a wide range of human neoplasms. However, the clinical uses of doxorubicin have been limited due to its serious cardiotoxic effects, which are likely the result of generation of free radicals and lipid peroxidation. S-Allylcysteine (SAC), an organosulfur compound purified from garlic, has been(More)
To investigate the direct role of interleukin (IL) 6 in the development of rheumatoid arthritis, IL-6-deficient (IL-6 -/-) mice were backcrossed for eight generations into C57BL/6 mice, a strain of mice with a genetic background of susceptibility for antigen-induced arthritis (AIA). Both histological and immunological comparisons were made between(More)