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An astrocytic protein S-100beta enhances the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in cultured astrocytes at micromolar concentrations, leading to nitric oxide-mediated death of cocultured neurons. The present study examined whether S-100beta production by reactive astrocytes accumulating within the periinfarct area was related to delayed expansion(More)
We constructed a bacterial 16S rRNA gene clone library from the gut microbial community of O. formosanus and phylogenetically analyzed it in order to contribute to the evolutional study of digestive symbiosis and method development for termite control. After screening by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, 56 out of 280 clones with(More)
OBJECT Fragile aneurysm walls and poorly defined necks render the surgical treatment of blood blister–like aneurysms (BBAs) located at nonbranching sites of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery extremely challenging. Such aneurysms have a remarkable tendency to rupture during surgery, especially during the acute period. The authors describe the clinical(More)
The phylogenetic diversity of the bacterial community in the gut of the termite Coptotermes formosanus was investigated using a 16S rRNA gene clone library constructed by PCR. After screening by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, 49 out of 261 clones with unique RFLP patterns were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. Many of the(More)
A novel agent, (R)-(-)-2-propyloctanoic acid (ONO-2506), has a unique property in that it modulates functions of activated cultured astrocytes, including pronounced inhibition of S-100beta synthesis. The present study examined whether administration of this agent would mitigate the delayed expansion of infarct volume and the neurologic deficits after(More)
1. Based upon the intriguing report that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor dose-dependently reverses N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neurotoxicity observed in primary cortical cell cultures, many laboratories have investigated whether NOS inhibition is beneficial as a treatment for cerebral ischemia. 2. Although the results are variable, it is(More)
Methane fermentation characteristics of garbage, swine manure (SM), dairy cattle manure (DCM) and mixtures of these wastes were studied. SM and DCM showed much lower volatile total solid (VTS) digestion efficiencies and methane yield than those of garbage. VTS digestion efficiency of SM was significantly increased when it was co-digested with garbage(More)
Sinorhizobium sp. KT55 was the first Gram-negative isolate to be capable of utilizing benzothiophene as the sole source of sulfur. By GC-MS analysis of metabolites of benzothiophene by this strain, benzothiophene sulfone, benzo[e][1,2]oxathiin S-oxide and o-hydroxystyrene were detected, suggesting that the benzothiophene desulfurization pathway of this(More)
Monascus pilosus NBRC4520 was selected for functional fermented food inoculation for its high lovastatin and low citrinin production with a deep-red color. For koji (mold rice) with high lovastatin production, separation of the growth phase and lovastatin production phase by shifting the temperature from 30 to 23 degrees C increased lovastatin production by(More)
Nine thermophilic denitrification bacteria were isolated from field soil, mud, and spa samples. The alignment of 16S rDNA showed that all were identical to the genus Geobacillus. Two of the bacteria produced N2O and N2 gas and the other seven strains produced N2 gas from nitrate. We examined the growth substrates for Geobacillus TDN01 and determined that(More)