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The fine structure of three types of cysts within central nervous system, all with a single cell lining, has been examined. The first was in the subarachnoid space of the lumber cord and the lining cells included both ciliated and nonciliated secretory cells. It was considered to be of endodermal origin. The second type was a colloid cyst of the third(More)
In the reflexively standing acute decerebrate cat, we have previously shown that pulse train microstimulation of the hook bundle of Russel in the midline of the cerebellar white matter, through which crossed fastigiofugal fibers decussate, augments the postural tone of neck, trunk, fore-, and hindlimb extensor muscles. In the present study we examined the(More)
OBJECT Fragile aneurysm walls and poorly defined necks render the surgical treatment of blood blister–like aneurysms (BBAs) located at nonbranching sites of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery extremely challenging. Such aneurysms have a remarkable tendency to rupture during surgery, especially during the acute period. The authors describe the clinical(More)
A Sporobolomyces spp. (strain O33) was isolated from soil as a potential resource for producing microbial oil from carbohydrates. This microbe produced intracellular lipids from various carbohydrates, such as hexose, pentose, and polysaccharides. Major fatty acids found in the lipids were C18:1 (36–55%), C16:0 (18–29%), and C18:2 (15–28%), and these were(More)
The present work aimed at examining the effect of tirilazad mesylate (U74006F), a newly developed lipid peroxidation inhibitor, on the intraluminal narrowing of basilar artery subjected to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in beagle dogs. In Experiment 1, an intravenous bolus injection of either vehicle or U74006F (0.5, 1.5 and 3.0 mg/kg) was repeated every 8(More)
There is a large body of evidence that reactive oxygen species play a major role in the pathogenesis of ischaemic brain damage. On the other hand, it has recently been suggested that superoxide anions participate in the development of neuronal tolerance against lethal ischaemia following ischaemic preconditioning (PC). The present study aimed to examine(More)
In a decerebrate cat (locomotor preparation), stimulation of a restricted region along the midline cerebellar white matter has been found to evoke generalized augmentation of postural muscle tone on a stationary surface (Asanome et al. 1998. Neurosci. Res. 30: 257-269) and "controlled" locomotion on the surface of a moving treadmill. Characteristics of(More)
In order to investigate whether or not nitric oxide (NO) formation underlies the cellular mechanisms of ischemic brain damage, we examined the effects of N omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), a NO synthase inhibitor, on ischemic brain edema and subsequent infarction in rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). For this purpose, administrations of L-NNA(More)
1. Based upon the intriguing report that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor dose-dependently reverses N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neurotoxicity observed in primary cortical cell cultures, many laboratories have investigated whether NOS inhibition is beneficial as a treatment for cerebral ischemia. 2. Although the results are variable, it is(More)
In high decerebrate cats, pulse train microstimulation of a restricted region of the midline cerebellar white matter produced a generalized increase in postural muscle tone in the neck, trunk, and limb extensor muscles, and air-stepping of all four legs on a stationary surface. On the moving belt of a treadmill, such stimulation produced well coordinated,(More)