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BACKGROUND Various surgical procedures are used to treat early gastric cancers in the upper third of the stomach (U-EGCs). However, there is no general agreement regarding the optimal surgical procedure. METHODS The medical records of 203 patients with U-EGC were collected from 13 institutions. Surgical procedures were classified as Roux-en-Y(More)
The tick Ixodes ricinus is responsible for the transmission of a number of bacterial, protozoan and viral diseases to humans and animals in Europe and Northern Africa. Female I. ricinus from England, Switzerland and Italy have been found to harbour an intracellular alpha-proteobacterium, designated IricES1, within the cells of the ovary. IricES1 is the only(More)
Borrelia sp. prevalence in ticks on migratory birds was surveyed in central Japan. In autumn, a total of 1,733 birds representing 40 species were examined for ticks. A total of 361 ticks were obtained from 173 birds of 15 species, and these ticks were immature Haemaphysalis flava (94.4%), Haemaphysalis longicornis, Ixodes columnae, Ixodes persulcatus,(More)
The transport of solutes between blood and brain is regulated by a specific barrier. Capillary endothelial cells of brain are known to mediate barrier function and facilitate transport. Here we report that specific cells surrounding arterioles, known as Mato's fluorescent granular perithelial (FGP) cells or perivascular microglial cells, contribute to the(More)
PURPOSE To compare the outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic surgery for totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair (SILS-TEP) and conventional three-port totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 137 patients (SILS-TEP, 100; conventional TEP, 37) scheduled to undergo elective inguinal hernia from(More)
1. We studied the effects of polyamine toxins derived from a spider venom on CA1 pyramidal neurons in gerbil hippocampal slices by patch-clamp recording. Joro spider toxin (JSTX) and its synthetic analogue, 1-naphthyl acetyl spermine (Naspm), which are known to block non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (non-NMDA) receptor in a subunit specific manner, were used. 2.(More)
Cucumisin is a thermostable alkaline serine protease that is found in the juice of melon fruits (Cucumis melo L.). We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a cucumisin cDNA (2,552 nucleotides) and deduced the corresponding amino acid sequence. The open reading frame of the cDNA consists of 731 codons and encodes a large precursor (molecular(More)
To establish quantitative, efficient design theories for centrifugal blood pumps, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses were compared to the results of flow visualization tests and hemolysis tests, mainly on the Nikkiso centrifugal blood pump. The results turned out to coincide in the velocity vector plots. CFD analysis revealed that the smaller the(More)
Antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi was examined in 380 healthy and 38 clinical cases of cows from Hokkaido and Shizuoka in Japan. In healthy animals, IgG and IgM antibody to B. burgdorferi HO14 strain were found in 44 cows (14.6%) and 24 cows (8.0%) from Hokkaido. In contrast, antibody-positive case was not observed except for only 1 case which was IgM(More)
Although there is some evidence that extrachoroidal sites for the production of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are important, the choroid plexuses in the ventricles contribute the major part of CSF formation. The exact mechanism for CSF production is not fully understood. In order to study this mechanism from the enzyme histochemical standpoint, the previously(More)