Toru Kurokawa

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PURPOSE To investigate whether cell cycle-related genes play a role in neuronal cell death in retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS Retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury was induced in rats by a ligation method and also by increasing the intraocular pressure. After 1 hour-of ischemia, cell death in the retina was studied using the TdT-dUTP terminal(More)
The effect of insulin on the translocation of GLUT4 (glucose transporter isoform 4) from the intracellular membranes to the plasma membranes was compared in the hearts of 4-8 week old SAMP8, a substrain of senescence-accelerated prone mouse and those of SAMR1, a substrain of senescence-accelerated resistant mouse. After 20 min of the intravenous injection(More)
Age-related changes in oxidative stress in the cerebral cortex of SAMP8, a substrain of senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM), were investigated in comparison with those in SAMR1, which were used as a control. The lipid peroxide and protein carbonyl contents were transiently increased in SAMP8 from 4- to 8-weeks of age. The increases in lipid peroxide were(More)
PURPOSE To systematically explore changes in gene expression in the retina of monkeys with laser-induced glaucoma and to validate the microarray data on eyes with experimental glaucoma. METHODS Glaucoma was induced in the right eye of four monkeys by repeated argon laser photocoagulation of the trabecular meshwork. The left eye served as the control.(More)
Hyperactivation of NMDA-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs) results in excitotoxicity, contributing to damage in stroke and neurodegenerative disorders. NMDARs are generally comprised of NR1/NR2 subunits but may contain modulatory NR3 subunits. Inclusion of NR3 subunits reduces the amplitude and dramatically decreases the Ca2+ permeability of NMDAR-associated(More)
In this paper, we showed that the oxidative stress in brain of senescence-accelerated prone mouse 8 (SAMP8) at earlier stages was increased compared with that of senescence-accelerated resistant mouse 1 (SAMR1) irrespective of the breeding conditions. Furthermore, we found that manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) activity in the cerebral cortex of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the protective effects of recombinant adult T-cell leukemia- derived factor (ADF)-human thioredoxin against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat retina. METHODS Retinal ischemia was induced in rats by increasing the intraocular pressure to 110 mm Hg for 60 minutes. Various doses of recombinant human ADF (rhADF) or vehicle were(More)
PURPOSE To study the role of caspase-like proteases, especially roles of more extensively characterized caspase-1 and caspase-2, in apoptotic photoreceptor cell degeneration in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats. METHODS Both RCS and Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Cryosections of the retinas at various postnatal times were immunostained with antibodies(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an antioxidant nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB inhibitor, on the ocular inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS Endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) was produced by a footpad injection of 200 microg LPS in male Lewis rats. PDTC (200 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally 30(More)
Neural stem cells are capable of differentiating along multiple central nervous system cell-type lineages, and their use as graft material has provided new strategies for the treatment of neuronal damage. We transplanted adult rat hippocampus-derived neural stem cells into eyes of adult rats that underwent ischemia-reperfusion injury. As control, the cells(More)