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Cigarette smoking is the most crucial factor responsible for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The precise mechanisms of the development of the disease have, however, not been fully understood. Recently, impairment of pulmonary endothelial cells has been increasingly recognized as a critical pathophysiological process in COPD. To verify this(More)
PURPOSE Positron emission tomography (PET) with [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is increasingly used in early assessment of tumor response after chemotherapy. We investigated whether a change in [(18)F]FDG uptake at 2 days of gefitinib treatment predicts outcome in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Twenty patients were enrolled.(More)
While adhering to extracellular matrix proteins in vitro and in vivo, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells frequently show morphologic differentiation and are protected from apoptosis. Integrin beta(1)-mediated protein phosphorylation is suggested to be an essential signaling event in these processes. CD9 is an almost ubiquitously expressed tetraspanin(More)
Tetraspanins CD9 and CD81 facilitate the fusion between gametes, myoblasts, or virus-infected cells. Here, we investigated the role of these tetraspanins in the fusion of mononuclear phagocytes. Expression of CD9 and CD81 and their complex formation with integrins were up-regulated when blood monocytes were cultured under normal conditions. Under fusogenic(More)
Tetraspanins facilitate the formation of multiple molecular complexes at specialized membrane microdomains and regulate cell activation and motility. In the present study, the role of tetraspanin CD9 in LPS-induced macrophage activation and lung inflammation was investigated in vitro and in vivo. When CD9 function was ablated with mAb treatment, small(More)
The detection of rare mutants using next generation sequencing has considerable potential for diagnostic applications. Detecting circulating tumor DNA is the foremost application of this approach. The major obstacle to its use is the high read error rate of next-generation sequencers. Rather than increasing the accuracy of final sequences, we detected rare(More)
Previously, we have reported that the inactivation of putative tumor-suppressor gene(s) on chromosome 5q21–22 may play an important role in the progression of lung cancer. Here, we describe the establishment of a yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) contig that spans 8–10 Mb at the 5q21–22 region. Six cosmid contigs have also been established in this YAC(More)
We have developed a distance education system for developing skills in endoscopic paranasal sinus surgery, to enable efficient remote training of novices in manual skills such as their standing position and posture, and the insertion angle/depth and holding of surgical instruments. The system uses a precise model of human paranasal sinuses and the "(More)
PURPOSE Examination of somatic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations is now a diagnostic routine for treatment of cancer using EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI). Circulating tumor DNA is a promising target for noninvasive diagnostics. We evaluated its utility by quantitatively detecting activating and resistant mutations, which were(More)