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The micellization process of bovine rod outer segment (ROS) membranes is investigated utilizing a series of neutral detergents. It is found that when alkyl(thio)glucosides with an appropriate hydrophillic-lipophilic balance (e.g. octylthioglucoside) are used in combination with a divalent cation, rhodopsin is selectively extracted from ROS membranes at a(More)
When the two-dimensional crystal of bacteriorhodopsin (bR), purple membrane, is incubated at high temperature (32 degreesC) with a small amount of the neutral detergent octylthioglucoside in the presence of the precipitant ammonium sulfate, a large fraction of the membrane fragments is converted into spherical vesicles with a diameter of 50 nm, which are(More)
Actin is composed of two well-separated globular domains which are further subdivided into two subdomains [Kabsch, W., Mannherz, H. G., Suck, D., Pai, E. F., & Holmes, K. C. (1990) Nature 347, 37-44]. Subdomains 1 and 2 constitute the small domain, and subdomains 3 and 4 comprise the large domain. In order to test a hinge bending domain motion in actin such(More)
In the purple membrane of Halobacterium salinarium, bacteriorhodopsin trimers are arranged in a hexagonal lattice. When purple membrane sheets are incubated at high temperature with neutral detergent, membrane vesicularization takes place, yielding inside-out vesicles with a diameter of 50 nm. The vesicular structure becomes unstable at low temperature,(More)
Molecular organization and dynamics in protein-rich membranes have been studied by investigating transport (diffusion-concentration product) of molecular oxygen at various locations in reconstituted membranes of bacteriorhodopsin (BR) and L-alpha-dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine. Oxygen transport was evaluated by monitoring the bimolecular collision of(More)
Near infrared emission of bacteriorhodopsin at neutral pH and at room temperature was characterized by a large Stokes shift. This characteristic was lost in an acidic pH (approximately pH 2) where a remarkable enchancement (more than 10 times) in the fluorescence quantum yield accompanied the red shift in the main absorption band. It is suggested from(More)
The Ca2+-transporting ATPase of rabbit skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum was site-specifically labeled with either N-(1-anilinonaphth-4-yl)maleimide (ANM) or 5-[[(iodoacetamido)-ethyl]amino]naphthalene-1-sulfonate (IAEDANS), and the segmental motion of submolecular domains of the ATPase molecule was examined by means of time-resolved and steady-state(More)
The motional properties of the hydrophobic fluorescent probe 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene have been assessed in liposomes of various lecithins: dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC), dioleoylphosphatidylcholine, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC), 1- palmitoyl-2-linoleoylphosphatidylcholine (PLPC), and(More)
The effect of distribution of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in multilamellar vesicles (MLV) on their peroxidative susceptibility was studied. Liposomes containing various ratios of L-alpha-dilinoleoyl phosphatidylcholine (DiLinPC) and L-alpha-dilinoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DiLinPE) were peroxidized by ferrous ion or a water-soluble radical initiator(More)
We obtained vesicles from purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium at different suspension compositions (pH, electrolytes, buffers), following the procedure of Kouyama et al. (1994) (J. Mol. Biol. 236:990-994). The vesicles contained bacteriorhodopsin (bR) and halolipid, and spontaneously formed during incubation of purple membrane suspension in the(More)